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Table 4 Hypertension outcomes by rural/urban status in South Africa and Ghana

From: Differences in the relationship between social capital and hypertension in emerging vs. established economies in Sub-Saharan Africa

  South Africa p value Ghana p value
Rural N=1,411 Urban N=2,810 Rural N=3,290 Urban N=2,281
Hypertension (self-reported)    < 0.001    < 0.001
 No 78.10% 68.30%   93.50% 79.70%  
 Yes 21.90% 31.70%   6.50% 20.30%  
Hypertension (≥140/90)    0.598    < 0.001
 No 54.70% 55.50%   72.30% 66.80%  
 Yes 45.30% 44.50%   27.70% 33.20%  
Systolic Blood Pressure 143.6 (27.3) 144.2 (26.7) 0.483 132.1 (25.3) 137.4 (25.4) < 0.001
Mean (SD)
Diastolic Blood Pressure 95.8 (18.6) 94.7 (18.0) 0.063 87.5 (17.3) 90.3 (16.5) < 0.001
Mean (SD)
  1. Bold indicates significance at the p<0.05 level using t-test and chi square tests for comparisons.