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Table 3 Hypertension outcomes by level of social capital in South Africa and Ghana

From: Differences in the relationship between social capital and hypertension in emerging vs. established economies in Sub-Saharan Africa

  South Africa p value Ghana p value
Social Capital Social Capital
Low (n=1,989) Med/High (n=2,006) Low (n=1,784) Med/High (n=3,301)
Hypertension (self-reported)    < 0.001    < 0.001
 No 68.34% 74.60%   85.26% 89.36%  
 Yes 31.66% 25.41%   14.74% 10.64%  
Hypertension (≥140/90)    0.06    < 0.001
 No 53.59% 56.57%   64.74% 72.96%  
 Yes 46.41% 43.43%   35.26% 27.04%  
Systolic Blood Pressure
Mean (SD)
144.9 (27.1) 143.0 (26.7) 0.024 137.7 (26.7) 132.4 (24.5) < 0.001
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Mean (SD)
95.0 (18.1) 95.2 (18.4) 0.699 90.4 (17.5) 87.8 (16.7) < 0.001
  1. Bold indicates significance at the p<0.05 level using t-test and chi square tests for comparisons