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Table 1 Sample characteristics for South Africa (n=4,227) and Ghana (n=5,573) stratified by rural/urban status

From: Differences in the relationship between social capital and hypertension in emerging vs. established economies in Sub-Saharan Africa

  South Africa   Ghana
Rural Urban Rural Urban
N=1,411 N=2,810 N=3,290 N=2,281
Social capitala    Social capitala   
  Low 39.74% 54.79% Low 31.42% 40.37%
  Medium/High 60.26% 45.21% Medium/High 68.58% 59.63%
Agea 60.9 (13.1) 59.9 (11.9) Agea 60.5 (14.1) 59.7 (13.9)
Gender    Gendera   
  Male 44.15% 41.74% Male 54.17% 45.46%
  Female 55.85% 58.26% Female 45.83% 54.54%
Marital Status    Marital Statusa   
  Single 47.09% 46.86% Single 35.64% 43.86%
  w/Partner 52.91% 53.14% w/Partner 64.36% 56.14%
Educationa    Educationa   
  No formal education 70.83% 45.23% No formal education 89.64% 71.36%
  <High School 26.36% 45.72% <High School 5.50% 14.77%
  >=High School 2.81% 9.06% >=High School 4.86% 13.87%
Work Status    Work Statusa   
  Working 32.44% 32.20% Working 78.43% 65.67%
  Not-Working 67.56% 67.80% Not-Working 21.57% 34.33%
Comorbidities    Comorbidities   
  Arthritisa 224 (16.8%) 648 (24.1%) Arthritis 339 (11.3%) 241 (11.6%)
  Stroke 39 (2.9%) 103 (3.8%) Strokea 47 (1.6%) 73 (3.5%)
  Anginaa 60 (4.5%) 169 (6.3%) Angina 85 (2.8%) 64 (3.1%)
  Diabetesa 64 (4.8%) 305 (11.3%) Diabetesa 58 (1.9%) 119 (5.7%)
  Lung Disease 31 (2.3%) 60 (2.2%) Lung Disease a 10 (0.3%) 18 (0.9%)
  Asthmaa 44 (3.3%) 130 (4.8%) Asthma 95 (3.2%) 78 (3.7%)
  Depressiona 20 (1.5%) 108 (4.0%) Depression 33 (1.1%) 36 (1.7%)
  1. a indicates p<0.05 for comparison between rural and urban residence within country using t-test, ANOVA or chi square tests for comparisons.