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Table 4 Determinants of raised blood pressure and raised fasting blood glucose by region among adults aged 18–69 years in India

From: Regional estimates of noncommunicable diseases associated risk factors among adults in India: results from National Noncommunicable Disease Monitoring Survey

  Raised blood pressure Raised fasting blood glucose
South West North Central East Northeast South West North Central East Northeast
aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI)
Sex
 Men 1.09 (0.90–1.33) 0.99 (0.76–1.29) 1.40 (1.05–1.87) 1.00 (0.78–1.28) 0.83 (0.66–1.05) 1.21 (0.72–2.06) 1.08 (0.85–1.36) 1.02 (0.69–1.50) 1.07 (0.64–1.81) 0.71 (0.48–1.07) 0.98 (0.64–1.50) 1.29 (0.53–3.13)
 Women Ref Ref
Age group
 18–29 Years Ref Ref #
 30–49 Years 2.94 (2.23–3.88) 2.40 (1.66–3.47) 1.87 (1.35–2.60) 2.25 (1.69–3.00) 2.00 (1.52–2.62) 2.96 (1.30–6.72) 4.88 (3.03–7.86) 2.82 (1.40–5.65) 3.33 (1.14–9.74) 2.53 (1.42–4.50) 3.79 (1.85–7.74)  
 50–69 Years 9.90 (7.46–13.16) 6.07 (4.14–8.89) 5.29 (3.72–7.52) 5.11 (3.77–6.93) 5.29 (3.95–7.06) 9.99 (4.29–23.25) 15.06 (9.39–24.16) 8.01
(4.02–15.97)
16.74 (5.93–47.25) 6.98 (3.93–12.39) 9.25 (4.54–18.83) 2.97 (1.31–6.74)
Place of Residence
 Urban 1.16 (0.97–1.39) 1.08 (0.84–1.40) 1.03 (0.79–1.32) 1.47 (1.18–1.83) 1.21 (0.98–1.49) 1.07 (0.64–1.80) 1.49 (1.20–1.86) 1.70 (1.13–2.54) 1.75 (1.08–2.85) 1.71 (1.21–2.43) 1.70 (1.18–2.44) 2.26 (1.01–5.20)
 Rural Ref Ref
Current Tobacco use
 Yes 1.04 (0.82–1.32) 1.21 (0.91–1.61) 0.99 (0.70–1.39) 1.11 (0.86–1.43) 1.13 (0.88–1.44) 0.98 (0.57–1.70) 0.79 (0.59–1.07) 0.93 (0.61–1.43) 1.0 (0.53–1.89) 0.97 (0.64–1.46) 0.77 (0.50–1.21) 1.50 (0.61–3.71)
 No Ref Ref
Current alcohol use
 Yes 1.69 (1.31–2.20) 1.60 (1.07–2.38) 1.90 (1.25–2.88) 1.24 (0.90–1.70) 1.77 (1.26–2.49) 2.31 (1.23–4.33) 1.29 (0.94–1.78) 1.35 (0.74–2.45) 1.34 (0.62–2.90) 1.37 (0.81–2.34) 0.99 (0.48–2.04) 1.26 (0.45–3.55)
 No Ref Ref
Physical activity
 Insufficient 1.25 (1.05–1.49) 1.03 (0.80–1.32) 1.22 (0.95–1.58) 1.13 (0.92–1.40) 1.19 (0.96–1.48) 0.97 (0.57–1.64) 1.57 (1.27–1.93) 1.42 (0.99–2.03) 0.91 (0.57–1.46) 0.81 (0.57–1.13) 1.38 (0.93–2.03) 0.73 (0.30–1.78)
 Sufficient Ref Ref
Overweight including obesity
 Yes 1.94 (1.62–2.31) 2.18 (1.68–2.82) 2.07 (1.59–2.69) 2.74 (2.17–3.45) 2.11 (1.69–2.64) 1.93 (1.09–3.43) 1.61 (1.30–1.99) 2.89 (1.99–4.21) 2.39 (1.47–3.88) 2.10 (1.47–2.98) 2.30 (1.58–3.33) 2.13 (0.87–5.21)
 No Ref Ref
  1. Bold values represent statistical significance (P < 0.05)
  2. # Owing to inadequate numbers for multivariate analysis, the reference category for Northeast was set as 18–49 years for raised fasting blood glucose