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Table 3 Prevalence of metabolic risk factors associated with NCDs among adults in India aged 18–69 years by place of residence, sex, age group and region

From: Regional estimates of noncommunicable diseases associated risk factors among adults in India: results from National Noncommunicable Disease Monitoring Survey

Metabolic risk factors Place of residence Sex Age group
Urban Rural Men Women 18–29 Years 30–49 Years 50–69 Years
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Overweight (BMI ≥ 25.0 Kg/m2)
 South 802 (50.3) 343 (28.8) 427 (36.2) 718 (44.7) 173 (28.8) 582 (45.5) 390 (43.0)
 West 376 (43.0) 125 (20.4) 218 (28.6) 283 (39.1) 71 (18.9) 273 (38.9) 157 (38.3)
 North 310 (46.5) 168 (26.6) 169 (29.8) 309 (42.4) 77 (21.2) 236 (40.2) 165 (47.7)
 Central 312 (37.5) 187 (13.8) 208 (20.0) 291 (25.4) 81 (12.7) 277 (27.2) 141 (26.7)
 East 273 (35.4) 270 (18.6) 196 (20.0) 347 (28.1) 107 (17.6) 301 (28.9) 135 (23.6)
 Northeast 46 (36.2) 38 (15.3) 41 (20.6) 43 (24.4) 10 (12.5) 50 (27.6) 24 (21.1)
p value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Obesity (BMI ≥ 30.0 Kg/m2)
 South 262 (16.4) 85 (7.1) 106 (9.0) 241 (15.0) 47 (7.8) 177 (13.8) 123 (13.6)
 West 110 (12.6) 32 (5.2) 45 (5.9) 97 (13.4) 13 (3.5) 77 (11.0) 52 (12.7)
 North 92 (13.8) 51 (8.1) 37 (6.5) 106 (14.5) 20 (5.5) 66 (11.2) 57 (16.5)
 Central 88 (10.6) 35 (2.6) 39 (3.8) 84 (7.3) 11 (1.7) 83 (8.1) 29 (5.5)
 East 70 (9.1) 38 (2.6) 32 (3.3) 76 (6.1) 19 (3.1) 63 (6.1) 26 (4.5)
 Northeast 7 (5.5) 7 (2.8) 5 (2.5) 9 (5.1) 1 (1.3) 8 (4.4) 5 (4.4)
p value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Central obesitya
 South 925 (57.8) 457 (38.4) 454 (38.3) 928 (57.7) 180 (30.0) 683 (53.3) 519 (57.2)
 West 387 (44.3) 130 (21.2) 232 (30.4) 285 (39.4) 54 (14.4) 277 (39.4) 186 (45.4)
 North 400 (59.9) 225 (35.5) 203 (35.6) 422 (57.7) 95 (26.0) 301 (51.0) 229 (66.0)
 Central 364 (43.8) 302 (22.3) 247 (23.7) 419 (36.6) 86 (13.5) 367 (35.9) 213 (40.2)
 East 341 (44.1) 360 (24.8) 166 (16.9) 535 (43.1) 118 (19.4) 371 (35.6) 212 (36.8)
 Northeast 53 (41.7) 56 (22.5) 33 (16.6) 76 (42.9) 14 (17.5) 59 (32.4) 36 (31.6)
p value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Raised blood pressureb
 South 616 (37.6) 396 (32.9) 438 (36.5) 574 (35.0) 74 (12.0) 401 (30.8) 537 (58.3)
 West 271 (29.8) 163 (26.0) 223 (28.8) 211 (27.8) 43 (10.8) 194 (27.1) 197 (46.7)
 North 259 (37.4) 212 (32.9) 229 (39.5) 242 (31.9) 67 (17.8) 197 (32.6) 207 (58.1)
 Central 286 (33.8) 300 (21.8) 282 (27.0) 304 (25.8) 77 (11.6) 276 (26.8) 233 (43.9)
 East 249 (31.6) 373 (25.2) 262 (26.5) 360 (28.2) 87 (13.7) 269 (25.6) 266 (45.9)
 Northeast 45 (34.9) 72 (28.7) 70 (35.2) 47 (26.0) 8 (9.6) 51 (27.9) 58 (50.9)
p value 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.034 0.012 < 0.001
Raised fasting blood glucosec
 South 360 (24.8) 186 (16.6) 223 (20.5) 323 (21.8) 20 (3.7) 204 (17.3) 322 (37.8)
 West 117 (14.8) 41 (7.5) 78 (11.5) 80 (12.1) 10 (2.9) 63 (10.1) 85 (22.9)
 North 66 (10.9) 32 (5.4) 43 (8.1) 55 (8.2) 4 (1.2) 27 (5.0) 67 (21.0)
 Central 89 (11.6) 83 (6.3) 73 (7.5) 99 (9.0) 16 (2.6) 71 (7.4) 85 (16.6)
 East 73 (10.5) 72 (5.2) 54 (6.0) 91 (7.8) 10 (1.8) 60 (6.3) 75 (13.8)
 Northeast 15 (14.9) 15 (6.6) 18 (10.8) 12 (7.5) 1 (1.5) 14 (8.8) 15 (14.6)
p value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.191 < 0.001 < 0.001
  1. aCentral obesity was defined as having a waist circumference of ≥90 cm in males and ≥ 80 cm in females
  2. bRaised blood pressure was when the systolic blood pressure was≥140 mm of Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mm of Hg including those on medication for raised BP among adults aged 18–69 years
  3. cRaised fasting blood glucose was when the values of fasting blood glucose were ≥ 126 mg/dl including those on medication for raised blood glucose among adults aged 18–69 years