Skip to main content

Table 2 Prevalence of behavioural risk factors associated with NCDs among adults aged 18–69 years in India by place of residence, sex, age group and region

From: Regional estimates of noncommunicable diseases associated risk factors among adults in India: results from National Noncommunicable Disease Monitoring Survey

Behavioural risk factors Place of residence Sex Age group
Urban Rural Men Women 18–29 Years 30–49 Years 50–69 Years
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Current tobacco use (smoke and/or smokeless variety) (in last 12 months)
 South 241 (14.7) 284 (23.6) 392 (32.5) 133 (8.1) 78 (12.6) 246 (18.8) 201 (21.8)
 West 251 (27.3) 247 (39.1) 385 (49.2) 113 (14.7) 87 (21.7) 249 (34.3) 162 (38.0)
 North 149 (21.3) 160 (24.5) 260 (44.1) 49 (6.4) 65 (17.1) 164 (26.6) 80 (22.5)
 Central 243 (28.6) 559 (40.2) 636 (60.1) 166 (14.0) 179 (26.6) 399 (38.5) 224 (42.0)
 East 225 (28.1) 506 (34.2) 558 (55.9) 173 (13.5) 139 (21.7) 365 (34.4) 227 (39.1)
 Northeast 63 (48.8) 111 (44.0) 123 (61.8) 51 (28.0) 27 (32.5) 93 (50.5) 54 (47.4)
p value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Current daily smoked tobacco use (in last 12 months)
 South 110 (6.7) 100 (8.3) 197 (16.3) 13 (0.8) 25 (4.1) 93 (7.1) 92 (10.0)
 West 42 (4.6) 21 (3.3) 63 (8.0) 0 (0.0) 8 (2.0) 28 (3.9) 27 (6.3)
 North 58 (8.3) 77 (11.8) 124 (21.1) 11 (1.4) 14 (3.7) 68 (11.0) 53 (14.9)
 Central 70 (8.2) 175 (12.6) 229 (21.6) 16 (1.4) 33 (4.9) 121 (11.7) 91 (17.1)
 East 66 (8.2) 114 (7.7) 173 (17.3) 7 (0.5) 32 (5.0) 78 (7.4) 70 (12.0)
 Northeast 28 (21.7) 31 (12.3) 49 (24.6) 10 (5.5) 6 (7.2) 35 (19.0) 18 (15.8)
p value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.115 < 0.001 < 0.001
Current daily smokeless tobacco use (in last 12 months)
 South 99 (6.0) 159 (13.2) 150 (12.4) 108 (6.6) 38 (6.2) 116 (8.8) 104 (11.3)
 West 164 (17.8) 186 (29.5) 256 (32.7) 94 (12.2) 58 (14.5) 184 (25.4) 108 (25.4)
 North 77 (11.0) 72 (11.0) 119 (20.2) 30 (3.9) 38 (10.0) 84 (13.6) 27 (7.6)
 Central 153 (18.0) 384 (27.6) 405 (38.2) 132 (11.2) 129 (19.2) 268 (25.8) 140 (26.3)
 East 158 (19.7) 340 (23.0) 361 (36.2) 137 (10.7) 83 (13.0) 258 (24.3) 157 (27.0)
 Northeast 41 (31.8) 87 (34.5) 85 (42.7) 43 (23.6) 17 (20.5) 73 (39.7) 38 (33.3)
p value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Second-hand tobacco smoke exposure at home (in past 30 days)
 South 307 (18.7) 262 (21.8) 277 (23.0) 292 (17.8) 140 (22.7) 269 (20.5) 160 (17.4)
 West 238 (25.8) 239 (37.9) 267 (34.1) 210 (27.3) 118 (29.4) 240 (33.1) 119 (27.9)
 North 215 (30.7) 289 (44.3) 243 (41.3) 261 (34.2) 151 (39.6) 231 (37.5) 122 (34.3)
 Central 227 (26.7) 488 (35.1) 437 (41.3) 278 (23.5) 228 (33.9) 328 (31.6) 159 (29.8)
 East 298 (37.2) 460 (31.1) 360 (36.1) 398 (31.0) 202 (31.6) 359 (33.8) 197 (33.9)
 Northeast 55 (42.6) 98 (38.9) 75 (37.7) 78 (42.9) 41 (49.4) 69 (37.5) 43 (37.7)
p value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Current alcohol use (in last 12 months)
 South 251 (15.3) 203 (16.9) 418 (34.7) 36 (2.2) 86 (13.9) 232 (17.7) 136 (14.8)
 West 88 (9.6) 68 (10.8) 150 (19.2) 6 (0.8) 23 (5.7) 87 (12.0) 46 (10.8)
 North 86 (12.3) 68 (10.4) 150 (25.5) 4 (0.5) 30 (7.9) 86 (14.0) 38 (10.7)
 Central 133 (15.6) 200 (14.4) 326 (30.8) 7 (0.6) 95 (14.1) 176 (17.0) 62 (11.6)
 East 60 (7.5) 168 (11.3) 201 (20.1) 27 (2.1) 62 (9.7) 118 (11.1) 48 (8.3)
 Northeast 37 (28.7) 48 (19.0) 70 (35.2) 15 (8.2) 16 (19.3) 52 (28.3) 17 (14.9)
p value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.005
Heavy episodic drinkinga
 South 98 (6.0) 70 (5.8) 167 (13.8) 1 (0.1) 24 (3.9) 100 (7.6) 44 (4.8)
 West 30 (3.3) 27 (4.3) 56 (7.2) 1 (0.1) 3 (0.7) 38 (5.2) 16 (3.8)
 North 39 (5.6) 28 (4.3) 67 (11.4) 0 (0.0) 12 (3.1) 39 (6.3) 16 (4.5)
 Central 49 (5.8) 82 (5.9) 129 (12.2) 2 (0.2) 32 (4.8) 76 (7.3) 23 (4.3)
 East 23 (2.9) 49 (3.3) 61 (6.1) 11 (0.9) 20 (3.1) 36 (3.4) 16 (2.8)
 Northeast 12 (9.3) 16 (6.3) 27 (13.6) 1 (0.5) 2 (2.4) 20 (10.9) 6 (5.3)
p value < 0.001 0.009 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.019 < 0.001 0.488
Insufficient physical activityb
 South 808 (49.8) 449 (37.5) 422 (35.7) 835 (50.9) 262 (43.6) 546 (42.0) 449 (48.9)
 West 402 (44.6) 190 (30.9) 264 (34.8) 328 (43.3) 133 (34.3) 272 (38.2) 187 (45.0)
 North 408 (58.2) 262 (40.2) 248 (42.2) 422 (55.2) 175 (46.1) 281 (45.6) 214 (60.1)
 Central 507 (59.9) 543 (39.4) 403 (38.6) 647 (54.7) 307 (46.3) 451 (43.8) 292 (54.8)
 East 448 (56.5) 656 (44.6) 261 (26.7) 843 (65.7) 311 (49.2) 485 (46.1) 308 (53.1)
 Northeast 55 (43.7) 84 (33.3) 44 (22.3) 95 (52.5) 31 (37.8) 59 (32.4) 49 (43.0)
p value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.001 < 0.001
  1. aHeavy episodic drinking constitutes those who reported drinking ≥6 standard drinks (equivalent to 60 g of pure alcohol or ethanol) in a single drinking occasion in the last 30 days of the interview
  2. bInsufficient physical activity constitutes those who engaged in < 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity per week OR < 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity per week OR an equivalent combination of moderate- and vigorous-intensity physical activity accumulating < 600 MET – minutes per week