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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of the surveyed Venezuelan immigrants in commercial zones of Lima, Peru (N = 143)

From: Association between time of residence and self-perception of distress, interpersonal relationships, and social role in Venezuelan immigrants in Lima, Peru 2018–19: mixed-methods study

Variables n (%)
Gender
 Masculine 60 (42.0%)
 Femenine 83 (58.0%)
Age (median, IQR) 26 (22–33)
Age groupa
 18–19 8 (5.6%)
 20–24 48 (33.6%)
 25–59 87 (60.8%)
Civil statusb
 Without partner 107 (74.8%)
 With partner 36 (25.2%)
Education level
 Primary 3 (2.1%)
 Secondary 48 (32.6%)
 Higher educationc 92 (64.3%)
Raced
 White 51 (35.7%)
 Colored 81 (56.6%)
 Black 7 (4.9%)
 Indigenous 1 (0.7%)
 Other 3 (2.1%)
Monthly income (soles)e
  < 930 40 (28.0%)
  ≥ 930 103 (72.0%)
Months in Peru (median, IQR) 7 (4 – 10)
Migratory qualityf
 Without work permit 8 (5.6%)
 With work permit 135 (94.4%)
First entry point into Peru
 Lima/Callao 14 (9.9%)
 Piura 12 (8.5%)
 Tumbes 115 (81.6%)
Home region
 Andean 12 (8.6%)
 Capital 36 (25.9%)
 Central 31 (22.3%)
 Guayana 7 (5.0%)
 Insular 4 (2.9%)
 Llanos 3 (2.2%)
 Eastern 16 (11.5%)
 Central-Western 20 (14.4%)
 Zulian 10 (7.2%)
Travel method
 Foot 1 (0.7%)
 Bus 123 (86.0%)
 Air 14 (9.8%)
 Mixedh 5 (3.5%)
  1. aAge groups are according to the World Health Organization, 2017
  2. bWith partner includes married (13.3%) and cohabitant (11.9%); without partner includes single (74.1%), and widowed (0.7%)
  3. cHigher education includes university, institute, technical career, without importance to whether it was finalized
  4. dBased on designations in the 2011 Venezuelan Census. Other refers to any other self-reported race that is not explicitly mentioned
  5. eThe minimum wage in Peru is 930 soles (April 1, 2018)
  6. fWithout work permit incudes refugee claimant (2.1%) and tourist (3.5%); with work permit includes Temporary Permit of Permanence (85.3%), resident (2.1%), family of resident (0.7%), refugee (2.8%), and immigrant (3.5%)
  7. gPolitical-administrative regions are according to the Government of Venezuela (June 7, 1969)
  8. hAny combination of more than one travel method