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Table 2 Univariate and multivariate odds ratio for prevalence and ATC of hypertension in the PERSIAN studya b

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension: evidence from the PERSIAN cohort study

Variables HTN Awareness Treatment Controlled
Crude OR(95%CI) Adjusted OR(95%CI) Crude OR(95%CI) Adjusted OR(95%CI) Crude OR(95%CI) Adjusted OR(95%CI) Crude OR(95%CI) Adjusted OR(95%CI)
Sex(Ref:male) Female 1.49(1.44,1.54) 1.31(1.25,1.36) 3.35(3.13,3.59) 3.68(3.37,4.03) 1.20(1.07,1.34) 1.44(1.26,1.63) 1.41(1.31,1.52) 1.69(1.55,1.84)
Age
(Ref:35–39 years)
40–44 1.89(1.72,2.07) 1.80(1.65,1.98) 1.70(1.42,2.03) 1.44(1.19,1.74) 1.34(1.05,1.72) 1.38(1.07,1.77) 0.97(0.75,1.26) 0.97(0.75,1.26)
45–49 3.44(3.16,3.75) 3.24(2.97,3.53) 2.57(2.17,3.04) 2.14(1.78,2.56) 1.89(1.49,2.39) 2.03(1.60,2.58) 0.90(0.71,1.14) 0.91(0.71,1.16)
50–54 6.12(5.64,6.64) 5.78(5.31,6.29) 3.56(3.02,4.20) 3.07(2.57,3.67) 2.74(2.17,3.46) 3.03(2.38,3.85) 0.86(0.68,1.09) 0.90(0.71,1.14)
55–59 9.16(8.44,9.95) 9.01(8.28,9.81) 4.49(3.81,5.28) 4.37(3.65,5.24) 3.42(2.71,4.32) 3.98(3.13,5.07) 0.79(0.62,0.99) 0.86(0.68,1.09)
 > 59 15.05(13.89,16.31) 15.67(14.39,17.07) 5.36(4.58,6.27) 5.88(4.92,7.03) 5.03(4.0,6.33) 6.30(4.93,8.05) 0.76(0.60,0.95) 0.89(0.71,1.13)
Education
(Ref:illiterate)
1–5 y 0.51(0.48,0.53) 0.90(0.86,0.94) 0.66(0.60,0.73) 1.05(0.94,1.18) 0.71(0.62,0.81) 1.0(0.86,1.15) 1.17(1.07,1.27) 1.14(1.03,1.25)
6-8y (0.40,0.37) 0.91(0.84,0.96) 0.44(0.39,0.49) 1.0(0.89,1.17) 0.85(0.72,0.99) 1.26(1.03,1.33) 1.14(1.03,1.33) 1.19(1.03,1.35)
9-12y 0.35(0.0.32,0.38) 0.88(0.83,0.93) 0.41(0.37,0.45) 1.13(0.98,1.31) 0.81(0.68,0.99) 1.41(1.12,1.77) 1.24(1.08,1.40) 1.23(1.07,1.42)
 ≥ 13 y 0.30(0.28,0.32) 0.83(0.78,0.90) 0.38(0.34,0.43) 1.20(1.0,1.44) 0.80(0.65,1.0) 1.37(1.05,1.79) 1.29(1.11,1.49) 1.29(1.07,1.54)
Marital status(Ref:married) single 0.38(0.32.0.45) 0.84(0.71,1.0) 0.28(0.20,0.39) 0.34(0.24,0.48) 0.41(0.25,0.65) 0.59(0.36,0.96) 0.72(0.46,1.13) 067(0.43,1.05)
Widow 2.20(2.08,2.33) 1.11(1.04,1.19) 2.56(2.24,2.92) 1.21(1.03,1.44) 1.40(1.17,1.68) 1.02(0.84,1.24) 1.16(1.04,1.29) 1.16(1.03,1.30)
Hookah(Ref:No) Yes 0.91(0.86,0.97) 1.14(1.07,1.23) 2.94(2.84,3.04) 0.90(0.78,1.03) 1.11(0.89,1.39) 1.20(0.96,1.51) 0.85(0.74,0.97) 0.89(0.77,1.02)
Drug abuse(Ref:No) Yes 0.82(0.77,0.86) 1.04(0.97,1.11) 0.55(0.49,0.61) 1.03(0.91,1.17) 1.34(1.07,1.67) 1.51(1.20,1.91) 0.68(0.60,0.77) 0.82(0.72,0.93)
Alcohol(Ref:No) Yes 0.68(0.63,0.73) 1.07(0.98,1.16) 0.44(0.39,0.50) 0.96(0.82,1.12) 0.86(0.66,1.11) 1.04(0.79,1.37) 0.78(0.66,0.93) 0.92(0.77,1.11)
Smoking
(Ref: Non-smoked)
Current 0.57(0.54,0.60) 0.75(0.70,0.80) 0.48(0.43,0.53) 1.21(1.06,1.37) 0.83(0.69,0.99) 0.98(0.80,1.21) 0.98(0.86,1.12) 1.33(1.15,1.54)
Former 1.26(1.19,1.33) 1.10(1.03,1.18) 0.57(0.51,0.63) 1.17(1.03,1.34) 1.12(0.92,1.36) 1.09(0.87,1.35) 0.80(0.71,0.90) 1.08(0.94,1.23)
BMI
(ref: > 25)
25.0–29.9 1.77(1.69,1.86) 1.93(1.84,2.03) 1.53(1.40,1.68) 1.32(1.18,1.47) 1.15(0.99,1.34) 1.19(1.02,1.39) 1.07(0.96,1.19) 0.98(0.88,1.09)
30.0–34.9 2.56(2.44,2.69) 2.77(2.62,2.92) 2.03(1.84,2.24) 1.43(1.27,1.61) 1.23(1.05,1.44) 1.31(1.10,1.54) 1.08(0.97,1.21) 0.92(0.82,1.03)
 ≥ 35 3.69(3.46,3.92) 4.05(3.78,4.34) 2.61(2.30,2.96) 1.41(1.22,1.64) 1.23(1.01,1.49) 1.36(1.11,1.66) 0.97(0.85,1.10) 0.77(0.68,0.89)
Economic status(Ref:1ft quintile) 2nd quintile 0.88(0.84,0.92) 1.0(0.95.1.06) 0.93(0.84,1.04) 1.27(1.13,1.43) 1.11(0.95,1.29) 1.18(1.0,1.39) 1.15(1.04,1.27) 1.17(1.06,1.30)
3rd quintile 0.77(0.74,0.81) 0.97(0.92,1.03) 0.90(0.81,1.01) 1.50(1.32,1.70) 1.03(0.88,1.21) 1.17(0.99,1.38) 1.28(1.15,1.42) 1.31(1.17,1.46)
4th quintile 0.67(0.64,0.71) 0.93(0.87,0.99) 0.71(0.64,0.79) 1.47(1.29,1.67) 0.99(0.85,1.17) 1.18(0.99,1.41) 1.36(1.21,1.51) 1.37(1.21,1.54)
5th quintile 0.64(0.60.0.67) 0.91(0.85,0.98) 0.77(0.69,0.86) 1.93(1.65,2.27) 1.26(1.05,1.53) 1.44(1.16,1.80) 1.56(1.38,1.77) 1.62(1.40,1.87)
  1. a For all calculations, we used centers as the primary sampling units in the survey design and used probability weights
  2. b Multivariate odds ratio analyzes are adjusted to age, sex, and education