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Table 1 Characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 cases amongst residents and staff in LTCFs, 5 March 2020–31 July 2021 (n = 2324)

From: SARS-CoV-2 cases reported from long-term residential facilities (care homes) in South Africa: a retrospective cohort study

Characteristic Residents
N = 1504
n (%)
Staff
N = 820
n (%)
Age group
  0–39 years 400 (26.6) 329 (40.1)
  40–59 years 423 (28.1) 444 (54.2)
  60–79 years 456 (30.3) 47 (5.7)
  80 years 225 (15.0) 0 (0)
Sex
  Female 692 (46.0) 705 (86.0)
  Male 812 (54.0) 115 (14.0)
Race
  White 610 (40.6) 40 (5.2)
  Black African 734 (48.9) 640 (83.4)
  Mixed 101 (6.7) 79 (10.3)
  Indian 56 (3.7) 8 (1.1)
Comorbidities
  Hypertension 194 (13.2) 69 (8.7)
  Diabetes 64 (4.3) 28 (3.5)
  Chronic Cardiac Disease 48 (3.3) 1 (0.1)
  Asthma/Chronic Pulmonary Disease 27 (1.8) 14 (1.8)
  Chronic Renal Disease 8 (0.5) 0 (0)
  Malignancy 9 (0.6) 3 (0.4)
  HIV 29 (2.0) 15 (2.0)
  Active Tuberculosis 0 1 (0.1)
  Past tuberculosis 1 (0.1) 0
Facility type
  Substance abuse recovery centre 241 (16.0) 150 (18.3)
  Frail care centre 123 (8.2) 67 (8.2)
  Old age home 269 (17.9) 151 (18.4)
  Psychiatric/Mental 657 (43.7) 261 (31.8)
  Retirement village 241 (14.2) 150 (23.3)
Wave period
  Pre-wave 1 118 (7.9) 118 (14.4)
  Wave 1 811 (53.9) 448 (54.6)
  Post-wave 1 60 (4.0) 78 (9.5)
  Wave 2 241 (16.0) 121 (14.7)
  Post-wave 2 20 (1.3) 10 (1.2)
  Wave 3 254 (16.9) 45 (5.5)
Outcome
  Recovered 1366 (88.4) 816 (93.0)
  Died 138 (9.3) 4 (0.5)