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Table 3 Predictors of LTFU among adult TB patients who received TB care in Gibe woreda public health facilities, Hadiya zone, southern Ethiopia (n = 402)

From: Predictors of loss to follow-up among adult tuberculosis patients in Southern Ethiopia: a retrospective follow-up study

Characteristics LTFU (n, %) Censoreda (n, %) cHR (95% CI) aHR (95% CI)
Age in years (Ref.: 15–24 years) 2 (5.4) 101 (27.7)   
 25–34 years 2 (5.4) 79 (21.6) 1.28(0.18, 9.09) 1.26 (0.17, 9.07)
 35–44 years 2 (5.4) 72 (19.7) 1.41(0.20, 10.0) 1.48 (0.20, 11.00)
  > =45 years 31 (83.8) 113 (31.0) 12.38(2.96, 51.75)** 7.71 (1.72, 34.50)*
Gender (Ref.: female) 8 (21.6) 171 (46.8)   
 Male 29 (78.4) 194 (53.2) 3.02(1.38,6.61)** 2.32(0.97, 5.55)
Education (Ref.: no formal education) 11 (29.7) 126 (34.5)   
Primary (1–8 grades) 11 (29.7) 99 (27.1) 1.22(0.53, 2.81) 3.54(1.49, 8.41)**
Secondary (9–10 grades) 10 (27.0) 93 (25.5) 1.21 (0.52, 2.86) 2.75(1.08, 7.03)*
Preparatory/College or above 5 (13.5) 47 (12.9) 1.17 (0.41, 3.37) 2.59(0.88, 7.64)
Tuberculosis type on admission (Ref.: pulmonary positive) 18 (48.7) 115 (31.5)   
Pulmonary negative 16 (43.2) 172 (47.1) 0.62(0.32, 1.21) 0.90(0.45, 1.80)
Extra pulmonary 3 (8.1) 78 (21.4) 0.26(0.08, 0.88)* 0.38(0.11, 1.33)
Nutritional support (Ref.: no) 21 (56.8) 301 (82.5)   
 Yes 16 (43.2) 64 (17.5) 3.24(1.69, 6.21)*** 3.40(1.68, 6.89)**
Family support on TB care (Ref.: yes) 18 (48.7) 331 (90.7)   
 No 19 (51.3) 34 (9.3) 8.58 (4.97, 16.36)*** 2.80(1.27, 6.19)*
Distance from a health facility (Ref.: < 10 km) 6 (16.2) 245 (67.1)   
  ≥ 10 km 31 (83.8) 120 (32.9) 10.29(4.27, 24.83)*** 6.06(2.33, 15.81)**
  1. LTFU Lost to follow-up, cHR crude odds ratio, aHR adjusted hazard ratio, CI confidence interval, TB tuberculosis, Ref. reference category
  2. acured, treatment completed, died, treatment failure, transferred out
  3. p value < 0.05
  4. ⁎⁎p value < 0.01
  5. ⁎⁎p value < 0.001