Skip to main content

Table 2 Piecewise regression coefficients describing trends over time for prevalence, YLDs and deaths rate per 100,000 for both sexes by age groups for diarrhoeal diseases in the DRC from 1990–2019

From: The burden of diarrhoeal diseases in the Democratic Republic of Congo: a time-series analysis of the global burden of disease study estimates (1990–2019)

  PREVALENCE Coefficient (95% CI) YLDs Coefficient (95% CI) DEATHS Coefficient (95% CI)
Age groups 1990—1995 1996—2003 2004—2019 1990 – 1995 1996—2003 2004—2019 1990—2000 2001—2019
Under 5 1.19 (-3.28, 5.66) 162.29 (132.21, 192.37)* -61.76 (-73.30, -50.22)* 0.22 (-0.34, 0.77) 18.53 (15.18, 21.88)* -6.82 (-8.16,-5.48)* 29.99 (25.04, 34.94)* -25.39 (-26.76, -24.02)*
P-value 0.501  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.335  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001
5 – 14 years -6.03 (-9.02,-3.03)* 22.21 (18.93, 25.48)* 8.65 (6.55, 10.74)* -0.70 (-1.10, -0.30)* 2.55 (2.16, 2.93)* 1.02 (0.78, 1.25)* 0.03 (-0.04, 0.10) -0.08 (-0.13, -0.04)*
P-value 0.005  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.008  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.372 0.002
15 – 49 years 1.79 (1.09, 2.46)* 20.60 (16.01, 25.19)* 16.71 (14.15, 19.27)* 0.20 (0.13, 0.27)* 2.28 (1.76, 2.80)* 1.92 (1.64, 2.20)* %1.%2(-0.04, 0.07) -0.26 (-0.30, -0.22)*
P-value 0.002  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.629  < 0.001
50 – 69 years 8.48 (6.76, 10.20)* 40.11 (31.10, 49.12)* 34.15 (28.29, 40.00)* 0.94 (0.75, 1.13)* 4.33 (3.37, 5.29)* 3.81 (3.20, 4.42)* 0.08 (-0.11, 0.27) -2.72 (-2.88, -2.56)*
P-value  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.347  < 0.001
 + 70 years 25.34 (23.58, 27.10)* 45.75 (39.56, 51.94)* 4.65 (2.56, 6.74)* 2.46 (2.24, 2.67)* 4.78 (4.22, 5.35)* 0.62 (0.38, 0.86)* 2.53 (1.36, 3.71)* -11.58 (-13.27, -9.90)*
P-value  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.001  < 0.001
  1. Statistically significant: (*), YLDs Years Lived with Disability