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Table 2 Percentage of elderly suffering from water borne diseases by their background characteristics in India

From: Prevalence and predictors of water-borne diseases among elderly people in India: evidence from Longitudinal Ageing Study in India, 2017–18

Background characteristics Rural Urban Difference p-value
% % %
Age (in years)
 60–69 22.4 12.2 10.2 <0.001
 70–79 21.9 13.0 8.9 <0.001
 80 +  24.2 9.8 14.4 <0.001
Sex
 Male 21.6 12.2 9.4 <0.001
 Female 23.3 12.3 11.1 <0.001
Education
 No education/primary not completed 23.4 14.7 8.7 <0.001
 Primary completed 20.4 12.2 8.2 <0.001
 Secondary completed 19.5 9.2 10.3 <0.001
 Higher and above 14.9 9.6 5.3 <0.001
Marital status
 Currently married 22.3 12.0 10.3 <0.001
 Widowed 23.1 12.7 10.4 <0.001
 Others 18.5 9.8 8.7 <0.001
Working status
 Working 22.4 13.4 9.1 <0.001
 Retired 21.9 12.3 9.6 <0.001
 Not working 23.6 11.5 12.1 <0.001
Body Mass Index
 Underweight 25.9 17.7 8.2 <0.001
 Normal 21.9 14.1 7.8 <0.001
 Overweight/obese 20.5 9.0 11.5 <0.001
Type of toilet facility     <0.001
 Unimproved 26.6 9.4 17.1 <0.001
 Improved 19.9 12.6 7.3 <0.001
Source of drinking water
 Unimproved 17.8 11.1 6.8 0.024
 Improved 22.8 12.4 10.3 <0.001
Type of house
Pucca 20.7 12.3 8.4 <0.001
Semi pucca 22.0 14.6 7.4 <0.001
Kutcha 26.5 15.6 10.8 <0.001
MPCE quintile
 Poorest 23.6 14.8 8.8 <0.001
 Poorer 24.3 14.6 9.7 <0.001
 Middle 20.8 11.7 9.1 <0.001
 Richer 22.3 10.0 12.3 <0.001
 Richest 20.7 9.2 11.5 <0.001
Religion
 Hindu 22.8 11.8 11.0 <0.001
 Muslim 24.0 14.6 9.4 <0.001
 Christian 13.4 7.3 6.2 0.987
 Others 19.5 16.1 3.4 0.024
Caste
 Scheduled Caste 23.6 14.2 9.4 <0.001
 Scheduled Tribe 23.0 20.0 3.0 <0.001
 Other Backward Class 22.8 10.3 12.4 <0.001
 Others 20.6 13.3 7.3 <0.001
Region
 North 28.7 21.4 7.3 <0.001
 Central 34.7 26.7 8.0 <0.001
 East 22.3 16.3 6.1 <0.001
 Northeast 13.5 12.5 1.0 <0.001
 West 15.2 8.3 6.9 <0.001
 South 9.9 3.5 6.4 <0.001
Total 22.5 12.2 10.2 <0.001
  1. Weighted estimates are presented in the table