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Table 1 Baseline maternal characteristics of admitted neonates in three Indonesian NICUs within three days of life

From: Early-onset neonatal sepsis and antibiotic use in Indonesia: a descriptive, cross-sectional study

Characteristics National Hospital
(n = 802)
Provincial Hospital
(n = 879)
District Hospital
(n = 884)
Total
(n = 2,565)
Maternal data
 Number of mothers 799 849 855 2,503
 Maternal age, year, mean (SD)
(n = 2,414)
29 (6.6) 30 (6.7) 29.7 (6.5) 29.6 (6.6)
Multiple pregnancy, n (%) (n = 2,491)
 Singleton 707 (89.2) 797 (94.0) 820 (96.5) 2,324 (93.3)
 Twins 78 (9.8) 51 (6.0) 30 (3.5) 159 (6.4)
 Triplets 8 (1.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 8 (0.3)
PROM, n (%) (n = 318 in 2,498)
 < 12 h 44 (5.5) 2 (0.2) 14 (1.6) 60 (2.4)
 12 – 23 h 41 (5.2) 6 (0.7) 96 (11.2) 143 (5.7)
> 24 h 37 (4.7) 3 (0.4) 75 (8.8) 115 (4.6)
PPROM (GA < 37 wk), n (%) (n = 165 in 2,498)
 < 12 h 38 (4.8) 1 (0.1) 0 (0.0) 39 (1.6)
 12 – 23 h 26 (3.3) 0 (0.0) 6 (0.7) 32 (1.3)
> 24 h 73 (9.2) 5 (0.6) 16 (1.9) 94 (3.8)
Mode of delivery of first infant, n (%) (n = 2,490)
 Normal labour 257 (32.6) 407 (47.9) 446 (52.3) 1,110 (44.6)
 Vaginal breech 5 (0.6) 7 (0.8) 12 (1.4) 24 (1.0)
 Emergency C section 384 (48.7) 259 (30.5) 126 (14.8) 769 (30.9)
 Elective C section 102 (12.9) 140 (16.5) 202 (23.7) 444 (17.8)
 Vacuum extraction 29 (3.7) 36 (4.2) 67 (7.9) 132 (5.3)
 Forceps 11 (1.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 11 (0.4)
Antibiotic < 48 h before delivery (n = 1,055 in 2,096)
Most common reasons for antibiotics administration, n (%)
 Caesarean section 343 359 319 1,021
 PROM > 12 h 118 31 107 256
 Fever in labour 17 2 2 21
  1. Percentage for each characteristic was calculated from study population (mothers or neonates as specified) after excluding cases with missing data or where the variable was coded as ‘unknown’.