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Table 3 Logistic regression analysis on women’s occupation and early ANC visit in SSA

From: Type of occupation and early antenatal care visit among women in sub-Saharan Africa

Type of occupation Model I
cOR[95%CI]
Model II
aOR [95%CI]
Managerial 1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
Clerical 0.88*[0.77,0.99] 0.91[0.80,1.04]
Sales 0.64***[0.61,0.68] 0.83***[0.78,0.88]
Agriculture 0.53***[0.51,0.56] 0.74***[0.69,0.79]
Services 0.55***[0.52,0.59] 0.88***[0.82,0.94]
Manual 0.62***[0.58,0.66] 0.77***[0.72,0.83]
Age   
15-19   1 [1.00,1.00]
20-24   1.13***[1.07,1.20]
25-29   1.29***[1.21,1.38]
30-34   1.35***[1.26,1.45]
35-39   1.38***[1.28,1.48]
40-44   1.38***[1.28,1.50]
45-49   1.37***[1.24,1.51]
Level of education   
No formal education   1 [1.00,1.00]
Primary   1.16***[1.12,1.20]
Secondary   1.23***[1.18,1.28]
Higher   1.49***[1.37,1.61]
Marital status   
Never married   1 [1.00,1.00]
Married   1.30***[1.23,1.38]
Cohabitation   1.18***[1.11,1.26]
Widowed   1.20**[1.07,1.33]
Divorced   1.25***[1.16,1.34]
Religion   
Christianity   1 [1.00,1.00]
Islam   0.88***[0.85,0.92]
Traditional   0.86***[0.80,0.92]
No religion   0.80***[0.74,0.87]
Wealth quintile   
Poorest   1 [1.00,1.00]
Poorer   1.02[0.98,1.05]
Middle   1.05**[1.01,1.09]
Richer   1.13***[1.08,1.17]
Richest   1.44***[1.36,1.51]
Residence   
Urban   1 [1.00,1.00]
Rural   1.08***[1.04,1.12]
Parity   
1   1 [1.00,1.00]
2   0.87***[0.83,0.90]
3   0.79***[0.76,0.83]
4+   0.67***[0.63,0.70]
Pregnancy intentions   
Planned   1 [1.00,1.00]
Mistimed   0.81***[0.78,0.83]
Unwanted   0.78***[0.74,0.82]
Household head’s sex   
Male   1 [1.00,1.00]
Female   1.09***[1.05,1.12]
Frequency of reading newspaper/magazine   
Not at all   1 [1.00,1.00]
Less than once a week   1.04[0.99,1.09]
At least once a week   1.11***[1.05,1.18]
Almost every day   1.25**[1.06,1.47]
Frequency of watching television   
Not at all   1 [1.00,1.00]
Less than once a week   0.95**[0.91,0.99]
At least once a week   1.07***[1.03,1.11]
Almost every day   1.27***[1.18,1.36]
Frequency of listening to radio   
Not at all   1 [1.00,1.00]
Less than once a week   0.99[0.96,1.03]
At least once a week   1.03[1.00,1.06]
Almost every day   1.09*[1.01,1.17]
Getting medical help for self: getting permission to go  
No problem   1 [1.00,1.00]
Big problem   0.93[0.83,1.04]
Not a big problem   0.92[0.82,1.03]
Getting medical help for self: getting money needed for treatment  
No problem   1 [1.00,1.00]
Big problem   1.27**[1.07,1.50]
Not a big problem   1.33***[1.12,1.57]
Getting medical help for self: distance to health facility  
No problem   1 [1.00,1.00]
Big problem   0.98[0.87,1.10]
Not a big problem   1.01[0.89,1.13]
Country   
Angola   1 [1.00,1.00]
Burkina   1.09[1.00,1.19]
Benin   1.78***[1.63,1.93]
Burundi   1.18***[1.09,1.29]
Congo DR   0.29***[0.27,0.32]
Congo   1.24***[1.13,1.35]
Cote d’Ivoire   0.66***[0.60,0.73]
Cameroon   0.74***[0.67,0.82]
Ethiopia   0.74***[0.66,0.83]
Gabon   1.66***[1.48,1.87]
Ghana   2.49***[2.25,2.75]
Gambia   0.99[0.88,1.10]
Guinea   0.70***[0.63,0.78]
Kenya   0.25***[0.22,0.28]
Comoros   2.56***[2.14,3.07]
Liberia   3.14***[2.84,3.48]
Lesotho   0.83*[0.71,0.96]
Mali   1.13*[1.01,1.26]
Malawi   0.43***[0.40,0.47]
Nigeria   0.37***[0.34,0.40]
Namibia   0.94[0.82,1.06]
Rwanda   1.65***[1.51,1.81]
Sierra Leone   1.26***[1.12,1.41]
Senegal   2.55***[2.31,2.81]
Chad   0.96[0.84,1.10]
Togo   0.45***[0.41,0.50]
Uganda   0.55***[0.51,0.60]
Zambia   0.37***[0.33,0.40]
Zimbabwe   0.66***[0.59,0.73]
N 131912 131912
  1. Exponentiated coefficients; 95% confidence intervals in brackets
  2. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001