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Table 2 Type of occupation, socio-demographic characteristics and prevalence of early antenatal care visit among women in sub-Saharan Africa (n = 131,912)

From: Type of occupation and early antenatal care visit among women in sub-Saharan Africa

Variable (p value) Weighted Weighted ANC attendance
        N % Late (%) Early (%)
Type of occupation (p<0.001)
Managerial 7183 5.5 47.0 53.0
Clerical 1072 0.8 51.6 48.4
Sales 37482 28.4 58.2 41.8
Agriculture 57992 44.0 63.1 36.9
Services 14319 10.9 60.3 39.7
Manual 13864 10.5 59.8 40.2
Age (p<0.001)
15-19 7115 5.4 64.5 35.5
20-24 26207 19.9 61.1 38.9
25-29 34373 26.1 58.8 41.2
30-34 29015 22.0 59.2 40.8
35-39 21110 16.0 59.8 40.2
40-44 10567 8.0 61.0> 39.0
45-49 3524 2.7 63.0 37.0
Level of Education (p<0.001)
No formal education 47046 35.7 60.7 39.3
Primary 46382 35.2 63.4 36.7
Secondary 32735 24.8 57.1 42.9
Higher 5749 4.4 45.9 54.1
Marital status (p<0.001)
Never married 7739 5.9 56.3 43.7
Married 91058 69.0 58.4 41.7
Cohabitation 22532 17.1 55.1 44.9
Widowed 2151 1.6 60.4 39.6
Divorced 8432 6.4 57.2 42.8
Religion (p<0.001)
Christianity 85694 65.0 60.7 39.3
Islam 39667 30.1 58.7 41.3
Traditional 3918 3.0 58.3 41.7
No religion 2633 2.0 65.7 34.3
Wealth quintile (p<0.001)
Poorest 26421 20.0 64.9 35.1
Poorer 27723 21.0 63.9 36.1
Middle 27301 20.7 62.2 37.8
Richer 26620 20.2 58.8 41.3
Richest 23847 18.1 49.5 50.5
Residence (p<0.001)
Urban 43696 33.1 54.1 45.9
Rural 88216 66.9 63.1 36.9
Parity (p<0.001)
1 24389 18.5 55.5 44.5
2 24562 18.6 56.7 43.3
3 21597 16.4 58.4 41.6
4+ 61364 46.5 63.9 36.1
Pregnancy intentions (p<0.001)
Planned 94116 71.4 58.4 41.6
Mistimed 28311 21.5 63.7 36.3
Unwanted 9485 7.2 66.7 33.3
Household head sex (p<0.001)
Male 103500 78.5 60.7 39.3
Female 28412 21.5 57.9 42.1
Frequency of reading newspaper/magazine (p<0.001)
Not at all 110555 83.8 61.4 38.6
Less than once a week 11830 9.0 56.5 43.5
At least once a week 8629 6.5 50.7 49.3
Almost every day 898 0.7 36.6 63.4
Frequency of watching television (p<0.001)
Not at all 80417 61.0 64.2 35.8
Less than once a week 16956 12.9 58.8 41.2
At least once a week 27283 20.7 52.7 47.3
Almost every day 7256 5.5 45.7 54.3
Frequency of listening to radio  (p<0.001)
Not at all 50640 38.4 64.3 35.7
Less than once a week 27152 20.6 58.7 41.3
At least once a week 49085 37.2 57.1 42.9
Almost every day 5036 3.8 55.7 44.3
Getting medical help for self: getting permission to go (p<0.001)
No problem 4274 3.2 52.9 47.1
Big problem 20631 15.6 61.7 38.3
Not a big problem 107008 81.1 60.1 39.9
Getting medical help for self: getting money needed for treatment (p<0.001)
No problem 893 0.7 55.6 44.4
Big problem 72486 55.0 61.6 38.4
Not a big problem 58533 44.4 58.4 41.7
Getting medical help for self: distance   to health facility (p<0.001)
No problem 2241 1.7 51.3 48.7
Big problem 49795 37.8 62.9 37.2
Not a big problem 79876 60.6 58.7 41.4