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Table 1 Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value as percentages (with 95% confidence intervals) for diabetes, dementia, and cancer as the underlying cause of death, or underlying or contributing cause of death

From: Accuracy of death certifications of diabetes, dementia and cancer in Australia: a population-based cohort study

  Sensitivity (%, number) Specificity (%, number) Positive predictive value (%, number) Negative predictive value (%, number)
Underlying cause of death
 Diabetes 12.3 (11.0, 13.7), 267/2164 100.0 (99.9, 100.0), 6889/6892 98.9 (97.6, 100.0), 267/270 78.4 (77.6, 79.3), 6889/8786
 Dementia 25.2 (23.7, 26.7), 835/3317 98.8 (98.5, 99.1), 5671/5739 92.5 (90.8, 94.2), 835/903 69.6 (68.6, 70.6), 5671/8153
 Cancer 57.7 (55.9, 59.5), 1720/2980 99.1 (98.9, 99.4), 5430/5479 97.2 (96.5, 98.0), 1720/1769 81.2 (80.2, 82.1), 5430/6690
Underlying or contributing cause of death
 Diabetes 40.9 (38.8, 42.9), 884/2164 99.7 (99.5, 99.8), 6868/6892 97.4 (96.3, 98.4), 884/908 84.3 (83.5, 85.1), 6868/8148
 Dementia 52.3 (50.6, 54.0), 1733/3317 97.1 (96.6, 97.5), 5571/5739 91.2 (89.9, 92.4), 1733/1901 77.9 (76.9, 78.8), 5571/7155
 Cancer 67.1 (65.4, 68.7), 1998/2980 98.3 (98.0, 98.6), 5386/5479 95.6 (94.7, 96.4), 1998/2091 84.6 (83.7, 85.5), 5386/6368