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Table 3 Association between having a good awareness of colorectal cancer signs/symptoms and participant characteristics

From: Awareness of colorectal cancer signs and symptoms: a national cross-sectional study from Palestine

Characteristic Good awareness
COR (95% CI) p-value AOR (95% CI)a p-value
Age group
  18 to 44 Ref Ref Ref Ref
  45 or older 1.18 (1.02- 1.35) 0.024 1.08 (0.90- 1.28) 0.41
Gender
  Female Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Male 0.95 (0.85- 1.08) 0.44 0.80 (0.68- 0.94) 0.006
Educational level
  Illiterate Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Primary 1.74 (0.98- 3.09) 0.06 1.92 (0.99- 3.44) 0.06
  Preparatory 0.93 (0.55- 1.59) 0.80 1.08 (0.63- 1.87) 0.77
  Secondary 1.08 (0.64- 1.80) 0.78 1.32 (0.78- 2.25) 0.30
  Diploma 1.12 (0.65- 1.91) 0.68 1.47 (0.84- 2.58) 0.17
  Bachelor 1.19 (0.72- 1.99) 0.50 1.57 (0.91- 2.68) 0.10
  Postgraduate 1.35 (0.74- 2.48) 0.33 1.72 (0.91- 3.23) 0.09
Occupation
  Unemployed Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Employed 1.09 (0.96- 1.24) 0.16 1.05 (0.88- 1.24) 0.61
  Retired 0.86 (0.56- 1.32) 0.49 0.80 (0.50- 1.27) 0.34
  Student 0.76 (0.62- 0.92) 0.005 0.81 (0.64- 1.02) 0.08
Monthly income
  < 1450 NIS Ref Ref Ref Ref
  ≥ 1450 NIS 1.19 (1.05- 1.34) 0.007 1.00 (0.88- 1.24) 0.97
Having a chronic disease
  No Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Yes 1.07 (0.93- 1.25) 0.34 0.98 (0.83- 1.17) 0.85
Following a vegetarian diet
  No Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Yes 0.51 (0.42- 0.63)  < 0.001 0.59 (0.48- 0.73)  < 0.001
Knowing someone with cancer
  No Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Yes 1.38 (1.23- 1.55)  < 0.001 1.37 (1.21- 1.55)  < 0.001
Marital status
  Single Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Married 1.22 (1.07- 1.39) 0.003 1.14 (0.97- 1.34) 0.12
  Divorced 0.86 (0.46- 1.62) 0.64 0.82 (0.43- 1.58) 0.56
  Widowed 1.49 (0.99- 2.26) 0.06 1.17 (0.74- 1.84) 0.51
Residency
  Gaza Strip Ref Ref Ref Ref
  WBJ 1.24 (1.10- 1.40)  < 0.001 1.15 (0.97- 1.36) 0.10
Site of data collection
  Public spaces Ref Ref Ref Ref
  Hospitals 1.44 (1.25- 1.67)  < 0.001 1.46 (1.25- 1.70)  < 0.001
  Primary healthcare centers 0.89 (0.77- 1.04) 0.13 0.85 (0.72- 1.01) 0.051
  1. COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, WBJ West Bank and Jerusalem
  2. aAdjusted for age-group, gender, educational level, occupation, monthly income, having a chronic disease, following a vegetarian diet, knowing someone with cancer, marital status, residency, and site of data collection