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Table 4 Mixed-Effects and Fixed-Effects Linear Models of Self-Rated Health (including all individuals in relationships in wave 1)

From: Self-rated health changes of individuals in same-sex compared to different-sex relationships: a longitudinal study

  Mixed-Effects Model Fixed-effects Model
  b   SE b   SE
Union type (ref = Different-sex married)
 Different-Sex Cohabiting -0.09 *** 0.02    
 Same-Sex Married 0.03   0.11    
 Same-Sex Cohabiting -0.17 * 0.07    
 Time -0.03 *** 0 -0.03 *** 0
 Time # Different-Sex Cohabiting 0   0.01 0   0.01
 Time # Same-Sex Married -0.16 *** 0.04 -0.17 *** 0.04
 Time # Same-Sex Cohabiting -0.02   0.02 -0.01   0.02
 Age -0.02 *** 0    
 Male 0.03 ** 0.01    
Race (ref = Non-Hispanic White)
 Non-Hispanic Black -0.2 *** 0.02    
 Hispanic -0.06 ** 0.02    
 Asian -0.17 *** 0.03    
 Other -0.22 *** 0.03    
 Nativity (ref = U.S. born) -0.1 *** 0.02    
 Metro 0.09 *** 0.01 -0.02   0.04
Region (ref = Northeast)
 Midwest -0.07 *** 0.02 0.08   0.1
 South -0.14 *** 0.02 0.24 ** 0.08
 West -0.03   0.02 0.11   0.1
Education (ref = Less than High School)
 High School Graduate 0.23 *** 0.02 0.03   0.03
 Some College 0.34 *** 0.02 -0.05   0.04
 College Graduate 0.7 *** 0.02 0.04   0.05
 Minor Child in Household 0   0.01 -0.02   0.02
 Poverty (ref = not in poverty) -0.15 *** 0.01 -0.05 *** 0.01
 Have Health Insurance 0.02   0.01 0.03   0.01
Union transition (ref = no transition)
 Cohabitation to married 0.08 ** 0.02 0.06 * 0.03
 Cohabitation to single -0.04   0.03 -0.01   0.04
 Single to cohabitation -0.05   0.07 -0.03   0.08
 Single to married -0.23 ** 0.07 -0.21 ** 0.08
 Married to single 0.01   0.03 0.04   0.03
 Married to cohabitation 0   0.03 0   0.03
 Observations 81,097 81,097
 Number of individuals 25,132 25,132
  1. Unstandardized coefficients (b) reported with standard errors (SE). *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001