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Table 2 The average and distribution of the consumption of ultra-processed foods and drinks in grams per 2000 kilocalories for total Dutch population and subgroups of the population

From: Evaluation of foods, drinks and diets in the Netherlands according to the degree of processing for nutritional quality, environmental impact and food costs

  N Total UPFD (g)/ 2000 kcal a   Ultra-processed foods (UPF) (g)/ 2000 kcal   Ultra-processed drinks (UPD) (g)/ 2000 kcal  
% Mean (95%CI) P25, P50, P75 P-value Mean (95%CI) P25, P50, P75 P-value Mean (95%CI) P25, P50, P75 P-value
All 100 893 (879, 907) 547 790 1156   456 (452, 461) 353 439 533   437 (423, 450) 93 314 669  
Gender
 Male 50 889 (870, 907) 551 788 1143   444 (439, 450) 353 434 516   444 (426, 462) 103 332 664  
 Female 50 898 (877, 918) 544 794 1172   469 (461, 476) 354 446 554   429 (410, 449) 75 286 672  
Age(y)        ***       ***       ***
 1–3 16 1202 (1159, 1246) 799 1145 1494   466 (453, 478) 364 440 536   737 (695, 778) 361 650 1007  
 4–8 12 1252 (1217, 1288) 953 1233 1477   471 (460, 482) 388 459 535   781 (746, 817) 483 760 1025  
 9–13 12 1209 (1175, 1243) 936 1193 1460   485 (474, 495) 404 468 547   725 (691, 758) 465 699 981  
 14–18 12 1165 (1124, 1206) 817 1097 1455   469 (459, 479) 391 461 538   696 (656, 737) 350 615 990  
 19–30 12 962 (921, 1003) 622 853 1209   438 (425, 450) 350 419 503   524 (483, 565) 173 406 755  
 31–50 12 874 (834, 914) 544 768 1106   459 (446, 472) 350 445 541   415 (377, 453) 97 292 617  
 51–70 12 700 (669, 730) 449 628 857   453 (437, 468) 335 429 541   247 (220, 274) 0 137 342  
 71–79 12 632 (607, 656) 436 570 757   451 (438, 465) 345 438 533   180 (161, 200) 0 113 276  
BMIb        ***       **       ***
 Underweight 5 1104 (1044, 1165) 794 1091 1375   477 (458, 495) 373 470 576   627 (566, 688) 273 568 940  
 Normal weight 56 924 (905, 942) 571 833 1206   450 (444, 456) 351 432 524   473 (456, 491) 128 371 712  
 Overweight 18 878 (846, 910) 558 768 1113   462 (451, 473) 358 442 543   416 (385, 446) 89 302 658  
 Obese 8 907 (852, 962) 542 770 1161   462 (444, 480) 349 441 545   445 (393, 497) 74 274 649  
Education level        ***       **       ***
 Low 19 871 (838, 903) 541 733 1144   457 (446, 468) 350 440 534   414 (382, 445) 60 273 638  
 Moderate 37 939 (916, 962) 585 839 1206   458 (451, 466) 355 436 533   481 (458, 503) 128 360 751  
 High 44 850 (830, 871) 518 754 1096   454 (447, 461) 356 443 533   397 (378, 416) 82 270 610  
Degree of urbanization        **       **       
 Low 34 876 (856, 896) 544 777 1117   443 (436, 450) 345 428 522   432 (413, 451) 102 312 664  
 Moderate 20 898 (868, 928) 552 801 1162   465 (455, 476) 368 445 532   432 (404, 461) 85 315 655  
 High 46 916 (891, 942) 547 814 1202   470 (462, 479) 363 448 547   446 (422, 470) 88 314 693  
  1. a Uncorrected energy intake was 1236 kcal for 1–3 year old, 1644 kcal for 4–8 years old, 2052 kcal for 9 to 13 years old, 2207 kcal for 14 to 18 years old, 2317 kcal for 19 to 30 years old, 2250 kcal for 31 to 50 years old, 2139 kcal for 51 to 70 years old and 1966 kcal for 71 to 79 years old
  2. b 12% missings;
  3. * < 0.05, ** < 0.01 *** < 0.001