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Table 3 Multilevel analysis of factors associated with deworming among children age 0–23 months in Ethiopia, EDHS 2016

From: Community and individual level determinants and spatial distribution of deworming among preschool age children in Ethiopia: spatial and multi-level analysis

Variables Categories aModel 2 Model 3 Model 4
AOR [95% CI] AOR [95% CI] AOR [95% CI]
Age of women (years) 15–19 1.00 1.00
20–35 0.99 [0.76, 1.27] 0.98 [0.76, 1.28]
36–49 1.21 [0.87, 1.69] 1.24 [0.86, 1.68]
Sex of household head Male 1.00 1.00
Female 0.71 [0.53, 0.95]* 0.75 [0.54, 1.01]
`Educational attainment of women No education 1.00 1.00
Primary education 1.49 [1.21, 1.86]*** 1.50 [1.21, 1.86]*
Secondary&above 1.87 [1.32, 2.66]*** 1.89 [1.32, 2.73]*
Occupation of women Not worked 1.00 1.00
Worked 1.49 [1.24, 1.78]*** 1.47 [1.23, 1.76]**
Marital status of a mother Married 1.00 1.00
Not married 0.68 [0.46, 1.01] 0.69 [0.47, 1.02]
Household family size 1–4 1.00 1.00
5–10 1.19 [0.95, 1.51] 1.22 [0.96, 1.53]
> 11 0.74 [0.39, 1.38] 0.75 [0.41, 1.42]
Media exposure No 1.00 1.00
Yes 1.51 [1.22, 1.85]*** 1.50 [1.22, 1.85]*
Wealth index Poorest 1.00 1.00
Middle [0.93, 0.72, 1.19] 0.92 [0.71, 1.17]
Richest 1.12 [0.87, 1.44] 1.03 [0.86, 1.42]
Sex of child Male 1.00 1.00
Female 0.72 [0.54, 0.96]* 0.81 [0.66, 1.01]
Age of child 12–23 months 1.00 1.00
> 24 months 3.02 [2.28, 3.99]*** 2.00 [1.62, 2.46]***
Plurality of birth Single 1.00 1.00
Multiple 0.55 [0.22, 1.35] 0.52 [0.21, 1.29
Birth Order <  3 1.00   1.00
>  3 0.91 [0.71, 1.18]   0.91 [0.70, 1.17]
Pregnancy wontedness Wanted 1.00 1.00
Unwanted 1.07 [0.87, 1.29] 1.07 [0.87, 1.30]
ANC visits No ANC 1.00 1.00
At least one ANC 1.68 [1.36, 2.08]*** 1.68 [1.35, 2.08]**
Place of delivery Home delivery 1.00 1.00
Health facilities 1.03 [0.82, 1.28] 1.03 [0.82, 1.30]
Community level variables
 Distance from health facilities Not big problem 1.00 1.00
Big problem 0.79 [0.67, 0.93]* 0.85 [0.69, 1.04]
 Community education Low 1.00 1.00
High 1.75[1.27, 2.41]** 1.27 [0.89, 1.81]
 Community media usage Low 1.00 1.00
High 2.16 [1.55, 3.02]** 1.89 [1.31, 2.74]*
 Community poverty Low 1.00 1.00
High 0.95 [0.67, 1.33] 0.91[0.62, 1.33]
 Residence Urban 1.00 1.00
Rural 0.57 [0.39, 0.85]* 1.03 [0.64, 1.64]
 Region Metropolis 1.00 1.00
Large central 1.23 [0.71, 2.11] 1.32 [0.73, 2.37]
Small periphery 0.65 [0.35, 1.21] 1.05 [0.51, 2.18]
  1. *=P value < 0.05, **=P value < 0.01, ***=P value < 0.001
  2. AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval
  3. model 1(null model)=the model which contains only with dependent variable and values expressed