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Table 1 Demographic and Tobacco Use Characteristics of Youth Experiencing Homelessness

From: Characterizing tobacco and marijuana use among youth combustible tobacco users experiencing homelessness – considering product type, brand, flavor, frequency, and higher-risk use patterns and predictors

  N = 96
n %
Age
 14–17 3 3%
 18–24 93 97%
Age (mean, SD) 21.82 2.00
Gendera
 Male 52 54%
 Female 39 41%
 Transgender Female 2 2%
 Transgender Male 2 2%
 Non-binary 1 1%
Sexual Orientationb
 Heterosexual/Straight 71 74%
 Bisexual 19 20%
 Other 6 6%
Race
 White 15 16%
 Black 51 53%
 Bi or Multi-racial 27 28%
 Other 3 3%
Ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic 88 92%
 Hispanic 8 8%
Education
 Less than High School 31 32%
 High School Diploma 46 48%
 GED 4 4%
 More than High School 15 16%
Children
 None 55 57%
 1 or more 41 43%
Currently Pregnant
 No 36 86%
 Yes 3 7%
 Don’t Know 3 7%
Hours Work per Week
 0 50 52%
 1–39 20 21%
  ≥ 40 24 25%
Where Slept Most Nights
 With family or friends / Own home 31 32%
 Shelter / Drop-in-center 27 28%
 Group home / Treatment facility / Detention facility 13 14%
 Outside / Car / Tent 25 26%
Tobacco Use
 Single Combustible 10 11%
 Poly Combustible, no EVP/ST 48 51%
 Combustible / EVP 26 27%
 Combustible / ST 3 3%
 Combustible / EVP/ ST 8 8%
Tobacco / Marijuana Use
 Tobacco Only 14 15%
 Comb. / Marijuana 48 50%
 Comb. / EVP / Marijuana 24 25%
 Comb. / ST / Marijuana 3 3%
 Comb. / EVP / ST / Marijuana 7 7%
HONC (median, IQR) 6 (3.5–8)
  1. GED General Education Development, SD standard deviation, EVP electronic vapor product, IQR interquartile range, HONC Hooked on Nicotine Checklist
  2. a No participants identified as intersex or genderqueer, so they are not included
  3. b No participants identified as gay, lesbian, queer/questioning, or asexual, so they are not included