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Table 2 Characteristics of children with DD stratified by parent’s reported oral health needs status, n = 6501

From: Oral health needs of U.S. children with developmental disorders: a population-based study

  All % (weighted) With oral health needs 18.3%
(weighted)
Without oral health needs 81.5% (weighted) P- value
Characteristics of child
Sex of child     .229
 Male 64.1 67.1 63.4  
 Female 35.9 32.9 36.6  
Age of Child     .000
  < 6 years old (primary dentition) 16.4 11.3 17.7  
 6–12 years old (transitional dentition) 49.9 60.6 47.2  
 13–17 years old (permanent dentition) 33.7 28.1 35.2  
Race of child     .603
 White 53.1 50.9 53.7  
 African American or Black 14.7 14.3 14.8  
 Hispanics 23.3 26.5 22.5  
 Asian 2.3 2.6 2.3  
 Other 6.5 5.8 6.7  
Primary language     .122
 English 91.8 88.6 92.6  
 Non-English 8.2 11.4 7.4  
Family/ Household Characteristics
Guardian education     .000
 Less than high school or high school 30.5 39.5 28.2  
 Some college or more 69.5 60.5 71.8  
Family Structure     .151
 Two parents 74.0 70.0 75.0  
 Single mother 22.7 26.4 21.7  
 Other 3.3 3.6 3.3  
Federal Poverty/income level     .000
 0–99% federal poverty level 20.9 31.0 18.4  
 100%–199% federal poverty level 23.7 26.8 22.9  
 200%–399% federal poverty level 26.5 23.1 27.4  
 400% federal poverty level or above 28.8 19.1 31.3  
Residence     .008
 Metro 73.7 70.2 74.6  
 Non-Metro 11.5 15.6 10.5  
 Non-disclosed 14.8 14.2 14.9  
Census Bureau Regions     .389
 Northeast 16.0 14.4 16.5  
 Midwest 20.7 19.0 21.1  
 South 40.4 40.5 40.4  
 West 22.8 26.1 22.0  
 Any Dental Visit 86.1 86.9 85.9 .643
 Preventive dental visit 96.8 96.9 96.7 .866
Disability extent     .001
 Never 58.5 48.9 61.0  
 Very little 11.8 13.6 11.3  
 Somewhat 21.2 25.0 20.2  
 A great deal 8.5 12.5 7.4  
Health Insurance Coverage (Past 12 months)     .001
 Insured 91.4 86.6 92.7  
 Uninsured 8.6 13.4 7.3  
Health insurance Type     .000
 Private 51.0 38.1 54.3  
 Public 36.8 46.3 34.4  
 Public and private 6.5 8.0 6.1  
 Not insured 5.6 7.6 5.2  
  1. *All percentages are weighted
  2. **Cross tabulation of OHN with child and family characteristics, utilization of dental services, and access to healthcare barriers