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Table 7 Multivariable logistic regression analyzing the association between recognizing other symptoms and participant characteristics

From: Women’s awareness of breast cancer symptoms: a national cross-sectional study from Palestine

Characteristic Lump or thickening under the armpit Changes in the shape of the breast or nipple Changes in the size of the breast or nipple Unexplained weight loss Extreme generalized fatigue
AOR (95% CI)* P-value AOR (95% CI)* P-value AOR (95% CI)* P-value AOR (95% CI)* P-value AOR (95% CI)* P-value
Age group
 18 to 39 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 40 or older 1.49 (1.21–1.83) <0.001  1.35 (1.14–1.61) 0.001 1.30 (1.10–1.54) 0.002 1.25 (1.08–1.44) 0.003 1.00 (0.86–1.15) 0.96
Educational level
 Secondary or below Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Post-secondary 1.66 (1.39–1.99) <0.001  1.52 (1.30–1.78) <0.001 1.35 (1.16–1.58) <0.001 1.22 (1.06–1.39) 0.004 1.19 (1.05–1.36) 0.009
Occupation
 Unemployed/home duties Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Employed 1.07 (0.85–1.34) 0.57 1.01 (0.83-1.23) 0.90 1.25 (1.03-1.51) 0.026 0.92 (0.78-1.08) 0.32 1.02 (0.87-1.20) 0.81
 Retired 0.42 (0.09–1.94) 0.27 0.92 (0.20-4.26) 0.92 1.13 (0.25-5.20) 0.87 0.34 (0.11-1.05) 0.06 0.74 (0.25-2.24) 0.60
 Student 0.95 (0.72–1.25) 0.72 1.09 (0.84–1.41) 0.53 1.09 (0.85–1.40) 0.50 1.02 (0.81–1.27) 0.89 1.18 (0.94–1.47) 0.15
Monthly income
 < 1450 NIS Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 ≥ 1450 NIS 1.44 (1.18–1.76) <0.001 1.27 (1.06–1.51) 0.009 1.14 (0.96–1.36) 0.13 0.97 (0.83–1.12) 0.66 0.86 (0.75–1.00) 0.051
Residency
 Gaza Strip Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 WBJ 0.62 (0.51–0.76) <0.001 0.55 (0.46–0.65) <0.001 0.62 (0.52–0.73) <0.001  0.90 (0.78–1.04) 0.15 0.83 (0.72–0.96) 0.012
Having a chronic disease
 No Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 1.14 (0.91–1.43) 0.24 1.05 (0.87–1.27) 0.62 1.08 (0.90–1.30) 0.41 1.09 (0.92–1.28) 0.32 1.16 (0.99–1.36) 0.06
Knowing someone with cancer
 No Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 1.47 (1.26–1.71) <0.001  1.21 (1.06–1.39) 0.005 1.08 (0.94–1.23) 0.27 1.33 (1.19–1.49) <0.001 1.07 (0.95–1.20) 0.25
Marital status
 Single Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Married 1.57 (1.27–1.93) <0.001 1.15 (0.95-1.39) 0.16 1.19 (0.99-1.44) 0.07 1.06 (0.90-1.25) 0.47 0.98 (0.83-1.15) 0.77
 Divorced/Widowed 1.56 (1.06–2.29) 0.025 0.84 (0.61–1.16) 0.29 1.02 (0.74–1.41) 0.91 1.35 (1.01–1.82) 0.043 0.92 (0.69–1.22) 0.56
Site of data collection
 Public spaces Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Hospitals 1.52 (1.26–1.83) <0.001 1.63 (1.39-1.92) <0.001  1.51 (1.29-1.77) 0.001 1.62 (1.41-1.86) <0.001 1.15 (1.00-1.32) 0.043
 Primary healthcare centers 1.27 (1.04–1.56) 0.020 1.39 (1.16–1.66) <0.001 1.28 (1.07–1.52)  0.007 1.08 (0.93–1.26) 0.34 1.00 (0.86–1.17) 0.99
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, WBJ West Bank and Jerusalem
  2. *Adjusted for age-group, educational level, occupation, monthly income, marital status, residency, having a chronic disease, knowing someone with cancer, and site of data collection