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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants

From: Women’s awareness of breast cancer symptoms: a national cross-sectional study from Palestine

Characteristic Total (n = 5257) Gaza Strip (n = 2551) WBJ (n = 2706) P-value
Age, median [IQR] 31.0 [24.0, 43.0] 30.0 [24.0, 40.0] 33.0 [24.0, 45.0]  < 0.001
Age group, n (%)
 18 to 39 3615 (68.8) 1859 (72.9) 1756 (64.9)  < 0.001
 40 or older 1642 (31.2) 692 (27.1) 950 (35.1)  
Menarche, n (%)
 Normal (11–15 years) 4608 (87.7) 2237 (87.7) 2371 (87.6) 0.003
 Early (≤ 10 years) 72 (1.4) 21 (0.8) 51 (1.9)  
 Late (≥ 16 years) 577 (10.9) 293 (11.5) 284 (10.5)  
Parity*, n (%)
 Nulliparity 306 (7.7) 142 (7.4) 164 (8.1) 0.69
 Low multiparity 1898 (48.0) 923 (47.9) 975 (48.0)  
 Grand multiparity 1752 (44.3) 860 (44.7) 892 (43.9)  
Educational level, n (%)
 Secondary or below 3030 (57.6) 1457 (57.1) 1573 (58.1) 0.46
 Post-secondary 2227 (42.4) 1094 (42.9) 1133 (41.9)  
Occupation, n (%)
 Unemployed/home duties 3568 (67.9) 1868 (73.2) 1700 (62.8)  < 0.001
 Employed 1052 (20.0) 380 (14.9) 672 (24.9)  
 Retired 13 (0.3) 5 (0.2) 8 (0.3)  
 Student 624 (11.8) 298 (11.7) 326 (12.0)  
Monthly income ≥ 1450 NIS, n (%) 3055 (58.1) 716 (28.1) 2339 (86.4)  < 0.001
Having a chronic disease, n (%) 1058 (20.1) 397 (15.6) 661 (24.4)  < 0.001
Knowing someone with cancer, n (%) 2520 (47.9) 1083 (42.5) 1437 (53.1)  < 0.001
 Breast and/or ovarian cancer# 1026 (40.7) 491 (45.3) 535 (37.2)  
 Other cancers# 1209 (48.0) 483 (44.6) 726 (50.5)  
 Both# 285 (11.3) 109 (10.1) 176 (12.3)  
Marital status, n (%)
 Single 1301 (24.8) 626 (24.5) 675 (24.9)  < 0.001
 Married 3658 (69.6) 1812 (71.0) 1846 (68.3)  
 Divorced/Widowed 298 (5.6) 113 (4.5) 185 (6.8)  
Site of data collection
 Public spaces, n (%) 1821 (34.6) 809 (31.7) 1012 (37.4)  < 0.001
 Hospitals, n (%) 2116 (40.3) 919 (36.0) 1197 (44.2)  
 Primary healthcare centers, n (%) 1320 (25.1) 823 (32.3) 497 (18.4)  
  1. N number of participants, IQR interquartile range, WBJ West Bank and Jerusalem
  2. *The denominator is the number of married, divorced, or widowed women
  3. #The denominator is the number of women who knew some with cancer at the time of the interview