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Table 2 Factors associated with serious injury among in-school adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa

From: Prevalence and psychosocial factors associated with serious injuries among in-school adolescents in eight sub-Saharan African countries

Variables Model I
aOR [95% CI]
Model II
aOR [95% CI]
Model III
aOR [95% CI]
Sex
 Female 1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
 Male 1.11* [1.00,1.23] 1.11 [1.00,1.24] 1.11 [0.99,1.24]
Felt hungry
 No 1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
 Yes 1.55*** [1.31,1.82] 1.15 [0.96,1.38] 1.07 [0.90,1.29]
Bullied
 No   1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
 Yes   2.78*** [2.47,3.13] 2.37*** [2.10,2.68]
Engaged in physical fight
 No   1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
 Yes   2.22*** [1.95,2.53] 2.14*** [1.87,2.44]
Physically attacked
 No   1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
 Yes   1.68*** [1.50,1.89] 1.96*** [1.73,2.22]
Felt anxious
 No   1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
 Yes   1.55*** [1.30,1.86] 1.47*** [1.22,1.77]
Felt lonely
 No   1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
 Yes   1.15 [0.96,1.38] 1.08 [0.90,1.29]
Suicidal ideation
 No   1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
 Yes   1.02 [0.84,1.24] 1.11 [0.91,1.35]
Suicidal plan
 No   1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
 Yes   1.13 [0.93,1.37] 1.00 [0.83,1.22]
Suicidal attempt
 No   1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
 Yes   1.55*** [1.30,1.86] 1.37*** [1.14,1.65]
Truant
 No   1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
 Yes   1.39*** [1.23,1.58] 1.33*** [1.17,1.51]
Current cigarette smoking
 No   1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
 Yes   1.02 [0.73,1.43] 1.18 [0.82,1.71]
Current tobacco use
 No   1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
 Yes   1.54* [1.11,2.14] 1.42* [1.01,2.01]
Current alcohol use
 No   1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
 Yes   1.08 [0.93,1.25] 1.01 [0.85,1.20]
Current marijuana use
 No   1 [1.00,1.00] 1 [1.00,1.00]
 Yes   1.82* [1.11,2.99] 1.78* [1.08,2.93]
Peer support
 No    1 [1.00,1.00]
 Yes    1.01 [0.89,1.14]
Parent or guardian connectedness
 No    1 [1.00,1.00]
 Yes    0.99 [0.87,1.12]
Parent or guardian bonding
 No    1 [1.00,1.00]
 Yes    0.96 [0.85,1.09]
Parent or guardian respect for privacy
 No    1 [1.00,1.00]
 Yes    0.78*** [0.68,0.88]
N 14,967 14,967 14,967
Pseudo R2 0.003 0.136 0.158
  1. Exponentiated coefficients; 95% confidence intervals in brackets; * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001; aOR: Adjusted odds ratio;
  2. Model I: Sociodemographic characteristics only
  3. Model II: Adjusted for psychosocial environmental factors
  4. Model III: Adjusted for protective factors and countries