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Table 3 Odds ratio of self-reported menstrual irregularity among adolescent girls by background characteristics (N = 12,707)

From: Relationship between depressive symptoms and self-reported menstrual irregularities during adolescence: evidence from UDAYA, 2016

Covariates Model-1 Model-2 Model-3
Unajusted Odds Ratio (95% CI) Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI) Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI)
Depressive symptoms
 Minimal®
  Mild 2.15* (1.85–2.51) 2.22* (1.90–2.59) 2.16* (1.85–2.52)
  Moderate 2.64* (2.03–3.42) 2.67* (2.05–3.47) 2.58* (1.98–3.37)
  Severe 2.99* (2.19–4.09) 3.08* (2.25–4.23) 3.11* (2.26–4.27)
Physical Activities
  No®    
  Yes   0.82* (0.73–0.93) 0.95 (0.84–1.09)
Substances use
  No®    
  Yes   1.25 (0.88–1.77) 1.16 (0.82–1.66)
Menstrual hygiene practices
  Only sanitary napkin®    
  Only piece of cloth   1.17* (1.02–1.35) 1.06 (0.91–1.25)
  Others   1.32* (1.14–1.54) 1.23* (1.06–1.44)
Childbirth experience
  No®    
  Yes   0.55* (0.45–0.65) 0.41* (0.34–0.51)
Age (Years)
  10–14®    
  15–19    1.43* (1.02–2.00)
Year of schooling
  Iliterate®    
  1–7 years    0.95 (0.78–1.17)
  8–9 years    0.94 (0.77–1.15)
  10 and above    1.04 (0.84–1.27)
Marital status
  Not married®    
  Currently married    1.56* (1.34–1.80)
Wealth Index
  Poorest®    
  Poorer    0.99 (0.79–1.23)
  Middle    0.97 (0.79–1.20)
  Richer    0.97 (0.79–1.20)
  Richest    0.87 (0.69–1.11)
Caste
  Non SC/ST/OBC®    
  SC/ST    0.93 (0.76–1.12)
  OBC    0.77* (0.66–0.90)
Religion    
  Non-Hindus®    
  Hindu    0.83* (0.72–0.97)
Residence
  Rural®    
  Urban    0.76* (0.67–0.87)
State
  UP®    
  Bihar    0.94 (0.83–1.06)
  1. Note: SC/ST Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe, OBC Other backward class, CI Condidence interval, *p < 0.05, ® Reference category