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Table 3 Macro- and micronutrient intakes for children aged 4 to 8 years (n = 390), by sex

From: Food and nutrient intake of school-aged children in Lebanon and their adherence to dietary guidelines and recommendations

Nutrient DRI1 Boys (n = 196) Girls (n = 194)
AI/EAR/AMDR Mean ± SE Median (P25, P75) % < EAR/AMDR % > AI/AMDR Mean ± SE Median (P25, P75) % < EAR/AMDR % > AI/AMDR
Energy (kcal/d) 1710.2 ± 49.1 1591.3 (1228.1, 2134.7) 1580.3 ± 49.4 1542.9 (1127.5, 1940.7)
Macronutrients
 Total Fat (g/d) 75.3 ± 2.7 68.0 (49.2, 96.2) 67.3 ± 2.4 63.7 (44.7, 84.9)
 Saturated fat (g/d) 20.9 ± 1.0 18.2 (11.7, 26.6) 19.0 ± 0.8 16.1 (10.5, 25.6)
 Carbohydrate (g/d) 100 213.0 ± 6.6 201.3 (149.0, 263.6) 8.7 201.9 ± 6.9 186.1 (139.0, 254.5) 11.9
 Total Sugars (g/d) 74.6 ± 3.0 70.9 (43.8, 97.9) 73.2 ± 3.8 60.3 (39.7, 94.2)
 Added Sugars (g/d) 25 a 47.8 ± 2.8 39.6 (20.3, 68.0) 31.6 68.4 45.7 ± 3.2 38.6 (15.9, 60.3) 35.6 64.4
 Dietary fiber (g/d) 25 13.3 ± 0.6 11.5 (7.6, 17.1) 7.7 13.1 ± 0.5 11.8 (7.4, 17.4) 6.7
  Protein (g/d) 0.76 g/Kg 50.2 ± 1.7 46.0 (33.9, 61.6) 6.6 47.0 ± 1.7 43.6 (30.8, 56.0) 6.2
 Total Fat (% of EI) 25–35% 38.9 ± 0.6 39.3 (33.2, 44.9) 6.6 68.4 37.9 ± 0.6 38.6 (34.0, 43.4) 7.7 71.1
 Saturated fat (% of EI)  < 8%† 10.8 ± 0.4 10.1 (7.1, 13.6) 67.9 10.7 ± 0.3 10.7 (7.3, 14.0) 68.6
 Carbohydrate (% of EI) 45–65% 50.2 ± 0.7 50.3 (44.1, 55.7) 29.6 7.1 51.2 ± 0.7 50.5 (45.3, 55.9) 23.7 7.7
 Total Sugars (% of EI) 18.1 ± 0.6 18.1 (11.7, 22.7) 18.4 ± 0.6 17.0 (12.1, 23.7)
 Added Sugars (% of EI) 11.2 ± 0.5 10.5 (5.7, 15.7) 11.3 ± 0.6 10.3 (6.1, 15.1)
 Protein (% of EI) 10–30% 12.0 ± 0.3 11.3 (9.1, 14.1) 34.2 1.0 12.2 ± 0.3 11.7 (9.2, 14.1) 31.4 0.5
Micronutrients
 Vitamin C (mg/d) 22 67.4 ± 4.7 47.7 (22.4, 88.2) 24.5 66.7 ± 6.0 44.5 (21.1, 83.3) 25.8
 Thiamin (mg/d) 0.5 1.1 ± 0.0 1.1 (0.7, 1.4) 9.2 1.1 ± 0.0 1.0 (0.7, 1.3) 10.8
 Riboflavin (mg/d) 0.5 1.1 ± 0.0 1.0 (0.7, 1.5) 11.7 1.0 ± 0.0 1.0 (0.6, 1.4) 15.5
 Niacin (mg/d) 6 13.5 ± 0.5 12.5 (8.4, 17.5) 11.7 12.8 ± 0.6 11.6 (7.5, 15.5) 17.0
 Vitamin B-6 (mg/d) 0.5 1.1 ± 0.0 1.0 (0.7, 1.4) 13.3 1.0 ± 0.0 0.9 (0.6, 1.3) 17.5
 Folate (μg DFE/d) 160 229.9 ± 12.2 193.0 (98.5, 312.1) 41.8 219.4 ± 10.9 178.9 (103.8, 309.3) 42.3
 Vitamin B-12 (μg/d) 1 2.0 ± 0.2 1.5 (0.6, 2.6) 38.8 1.8 ± 0.2 1.4 (0.5, 2.2) 40.7
 Calcium (mg/d) 800 655.5 ± 27.8 557.5 (375.7, 848.9) 73.5 575.8 ± 26.7 491.5 (326.5, 743.6) 78.9
 Phosphorus (mg/d) 405 767.1 ± 25.1 737.9 (507.3, 945.7) 14.8 716.8 ± 24.7 648.4 (492.1, 911.0) 17.5
 Magnesium (mg/d) 110 202.3 ± 6.1 196.0 (137.5, 244.8) 12.8 196.3 ± 7.0 185.5 (130.9, 243.5) 16.5
 Vitamin D (μg/d) 10 1.6 ± 0.2 0.8 (0.1, 2.5) 99.0 1.3 ± 0.1 0.5 (0.1, 1.9) 99.5
 Vitamin A (μg RAE/d) 275 517.3 ± 40.7 323.7 (170.8, 635.8) 59.7 524.0 ± 51.4 344.4 (161.7, 612.0) 60.8
 Vitamin K (μg/d) 55 108.1 ± 10.9 60.8 (25.4, 132.1) 51.5 105.2 ± 10.4 64.4 (30.0, 125.2) 57.7
 Iron (mg/d) 4.1 10.3 ± 0.5 8.4 (5.9, 13.2) 13.3 9.2 ± 0.4 8.5 (5.0, 11.8) 19.6
 Zinc (mg/d) 4 6.1 ± 0.2 5.7 (4.0, 7.9) 27 5.9 ± 0.2 5.3 (3.9, 7.4) 26.3
 Sodium (mg/d) 1000 1987.2 ± 84.7 1750.4 (1175.7, 2510.0) 81.6 1774.1 ± 76.2 1588.8 (1069.7, 2216.2) 78.9
 Potassium (mg/d) 2300 2004.3 ± 65.7 1903.7 (1397.3, 2567.3) 32.1 1915.9 ± 72.0 1861.9 (1203.4, 2465.1) 30.4
  1. 1DRIs in bold are EARs and those in Italic are AMDRs
  2. WHO upper limit for saturated fat (8% of energy intake) for children above 2 years of age (WHO, 2008)
  3. a AHA recommendation for added sugar
  4. Differences in DRI compliance between boys and girls are tested using chi-square test. None has shown to be significantly different by sex