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Table 5 Recruitment and participation of primary HIV-serodiscordant partner by PP1 index partners in current HIV-serodiscordant relationships

From: A national recruitment strategy for HIV-serodiscordant partners living in Canada for the Positive Plus One study: a mixed-methods study

Demographic characteristic 1st partner enrolled in study
N (%)
Proportion intending to invite partner to the studya
% (95% CI)
p-value Proportion of partners recruited to the studyb
% (95% CI)
p-value
Total (N) 387 303/387 153/387
HIV status 387 303 0.335 153 0.088
 Positive 250 (64.6) 76.8 (71.6–82.0)   36.4 (30.4–42.4)  
 Negative 137 (35.4) 81.0 (74.4–87.6)   45.3 (36.9–53.6)  
Language 387 303 0.902 153 0.293
 English 356 (92.0) 78.4 (74.1–82.6)   38.8 (33.7–43.8)  
 French 31 (8.0) 77.4 (62.7–92.1)   48.4 (30.8–66.0)  
Age 387 303 0.125 153 0.855
 18–29 50 (12.9) 68.0 (55.1–80.9)   38.0 (24.5–51.5)  
 30–39 126 (32.6) 81.0 (74.1–87.8)   38.1 (29.6–46.6)  
 40–49 97 (25.1) 83.5 (76.1–90.9)   43.3 (33.4–53.2)  
  ≥ 50 114 (29.5) 75.4 (67.5–83.3)   38.6 (29.7–47.5)  
Gender 386 303 0.172 153 0.875
 Female 265 (68.7) 84.2 (77.5–90.9)   37.7 (28.8–46.6)  
 Male 114 (29.5) 75.8 (79.7–81.0)   40.4 (34.5–46.3)  
 Otherc 7 (1.8) 85.7 (59.8–100.0)   42.9 (6.2–79.5)  
Sexual orientation 384 302 0.068 153 0.366
 Heterosexual 150 (39.1) 82.7 (76.6–88.7)   37.3 (29.6–45.1)  
 Lesbian/Gay 190 (49.5) 76.8 (70.8–82.8)   43.7 (36.6–50.7)  
 Bisexual 25 (6.5) 84.0 (69.6–98.4)   36.0 (17.2–54.8)  
 Otherd 19 (5.0) 57.9 (35.7–80.1)   26.3 (6.5–46.1)  
Race/ethnicity 380 300 0.891 151 0.155
 White 252 (66.3) 80.2 (75.2–85.1)   44.4 (38.3–50.6)  
 Black 28 (7.4) 75.0 (59.0–91.0)   32.1 (14.8–49.4)  
 Indigenous 36 (9.5) 77.8 (64.2–91.4)   25.0 (10.9–39.1)  
 Hispanic 29 (7.6) 75.9 (60.3–91.4)   24.1 (8.6–39.7)  
 East/SE Asian 11 (2.9) 72.7 (46.4–99.0)   36.4 (7.9–64.8)  
 S Asian/W Asian/Arab 9 (2.4) 66.7 (35.9–97.5)   44.4 (12.0–76.9)  
 Othere 15 (4.0) 87.7 (69.5–100.0)   40.0 (15.2–64.8)  
Region 384 303 0.647 153 0.673
 British Columbia 45 (11.7) 86.7 (76.7–96.6)   46.7 (32.1–61.2)  
 Prairies 51 (13.3) 78.4 (67.1–89.7)   39.2 (25.8–52.6)  
 Ontario 224 (58.3) 77.7 (72.3–83.1)   37.9 (31.6–44.3)  
 Quebec 40 (10.4) 75.0 (61.6–88.4)   37.5 (22.5–52.5)  
 Atlantic 24 (6.3) 83.3 (68.4–98.2)   50.0 (30.0–70.0)  
Relationship satisfaction 385 303 0.015 153 0.015
 Yes 332 (86.2) 80.7 (76.5–85.0)   42.2 (36.9–47.5)  
 No 53 (13.8) 66.0 (53.3–78.8)   24.5 (12.9–36.1)  
Sexual satisfaction 380 299 0.711 150 0.298
 Satisfied 248 (65.3) 79.0 (74.0–84.1)   41.5 (35.4–47.7)  
 Neutral 67 (17.6) 80.6 (71.1–90.1)   31.3 (20.2–42.5)  
 Dissatisfied 63 (16.6) 76.2 (65.7–86.7)   41.3 (29.1–53.4)  
 Don’t know 2 (0.5) 50.0 (0 -100.0)   0  
Diagnosis first or relationship first 387 303 0.321 153 0.480
 Diagnosis first 194 (50.1) 78.4 (72.6–84.1)   38.1 (31.3–45.0)  
 Relationship first 109 (28.2) 74.3 (66.1–82.5)   37.6 (28.5–46.7)  
 Same time 84 (21.7) 83.3 (75.4–91.3)   45.2 (34.6–55.9)  
Viral suppression 373 294 0.754 149 0.211
 Undetectable 315 (84.5) 78.4 (73.9–83.0)   39.7 (34.3–45.1)  
 Detectable 32 (8.6) 78.1 (63.8–92.4)   31.3 (15.2–47.3)  
 Don’t know 26 (7.0) 84.6 (70.7–98.5)   53.8 (34.7–73.0)  
  1. Abbreviations: PP1 Positive Plus One Study
  2. a The proportion of current index partners enrolled in the Positive Plus One study who invited their partner to take part in the study
  3. b The proportion of current index partners enrolled in the Positive Plus One study who successfully recruited their partner to take part in the study
  4. c This category includes participants who identified as “trans man,” “trans woman,” “two-spirited man,” or “did not identify as any gender”
  5. d This category includes participants who identified as “queer,” “two-spirited,” “heteroflexible,” or “did not identify as any sexual orientation”
  6. e This category includes participants who identified as “other” (the most common other response was “mixed”)