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Table 2 Sociodemographic characteristics of all PP1 participants by current and past HIV-serodiscordant relationship

From: A national recruitment strategy for HIV-serodiscordant partners living in Canada for the Positive Plus One study: a mixed-methods study

Characteristic Total
N (%)
Current Relationship
n (%)
Past Relationship
n (%)
p-value
All 613 540 73  
Age, Mean (SD) 42.6 (11.9) 42.8 (11.9) 40.9 (12.0) 0.204
Survey format 613 540 73 0.795
 Web 543 (88.6) 479 (88.7) 64 (87.7)  
 Phone 70 (11.4) 61 (11.3) 9 (12.3)  
Language 613 540 73 0.805
 English 567 (92.5) 500 (92.6) 67 (91.8)  
 French 46 (7.5) 40 (7.4) 6 (8.2)  
HIV status 613 540 73 0.855
 Positive 355 (57.9) 312 (57.8) 43 (58.9)  
 Negative 258 (42.1) 228 (42.2) 30 (41.1)  
Province 609 536 73 0.162
 British Columbia 70 (11.5) 65 (12.1) 5 (6.9)  
 Prairies 86 (14.1) 72 (13.3) 14 (19.2)  
 Ontario 351 (57.6) 309 (57.7) 42 (57.5)  
 Quebec 66 (10.8) 55 (10.3) 11 (15.1)  
 Atlantic 36 (5.9) 35 (6.5) 1 (1.4)  
 Territories 0 0 0  
Gender 612 539 73 0.006
 Man 432 (70.6) 392 (72.7) 40 (54.8)  
 Woman 166 (27.1) 136 (25.2) 30 (41.1)  
 Othera 14 (2.3) 11 (2.0) 3 (4.1)  
Gender by sexuality 613 540 73 0.003
 Gay man 281 (45.8) 260 (48.1) 21 (28.8)  
 Heterosexual woman 135 (22.0) 109 (20.2) 26 (35.6)  
 Heterosexual man 109 (17.8) 97 (18.0) 12 (16.4)  
 Otherb 88 (14.4) 74 (13.7) 14 (19.2)  
Race/ethnicity 604 531 73 0.771
 White 401 (66.4) 353 (66.5) 48 (65.8)  
 Black 47 (7.8) 43 (8.1) 4 (5.5)  
 Hispanic 49 (8.1) 40 (7.5) 9 (12.3)  
 Indigenous 49 (8.1) 44 (8.3) 5 (6.8)  
 Otherc 58 (9.6) 51 (9.6) 7 (9.6)  
Education 609 537 72 0.007
 Less than secondary school diploma 72 (11.8) 59 (11.0) 13 (18.1)  
 Secondary school diploma 127 (20.9) 109 (20.3) 18 (25.0)  
 Beyond secondary school 410 (67.3) 369 (68.7) 41 (56.9)  
Income Unavailable 535 Unavailable
 No income   16 (3.0)   
 Less than $10,000   50 (9.4)   
 $10,000 - $19,999   127 (23.7)   
 $20,000 - $49,999   173 (32.3)   
 $50,000 - $79,999   82 (15.3)   
 $80,000 or more   79 (14.8)   
 Don’t know   8 (1.5)   
Employmentd Unavailable 538 Unavailable
 Full-time   272 (50.6)   
 Part-time   66 (12.3)   
 On disability   116 (21.6)   
 Volunteer   44 (8.2)   
 Retired   36 (6.7)   
 Student   33 (6.1)   
 Family work   11 (2.0)   
 Informal/street-related work   8 (1.5)   
 Unemployed, seeking work   42 (7.8)   
 Unemployed, not seeking work   11 (2.0)   
 Othere   6 (1.2)   
Relationship duration 613 540 73 < 0.001
  < 1 year 82 (13.4) 63 (11.7) 19 (26.0)  
 1–2 years 143 (23.3) 116 (21.5) 27 (37.0)  
 3–5 years 142 (23.2) 124 (23.0) 18 (24.7)  
 6–9 years 79 (12.9) 74 (13.7) 5 (6.9)  
 10 years or more 167 (27.4) 163 (30.2) 4 (5.5)  
In a serodiscordant relationship before this study 607 535 72 0.009
 No 385 (63.4) 351 (65.6) 34 (47.2)  
 Yes 195 (32.1) 161 (30.1) 34 (47.2)  
 Don’t know 27 (4.4) 23 (4.3) 4 (5.6)  
  1. Abbreviations: PP1 Positive Plus One Study
  2. a This category includes participants who identified as a “trans man,” “trans woman,” “two-spirited man,” and participants who did not identify as any gender
  3. b This category includes participants who identified as a “trans man,” “trans woman,” “two-spirited man,” “two-spirited woman,” “lesbian,” “bisexual man,” “bisexual woman,” and participants who did not identify as any gender and/or sexual orientation, did not believe in labels for gender and sexual orientation, or did not respond
  4. c This category includes participants who identified as Arab/West Asian, East Asian, South Asian, South-East Asian, and other (the most common other response was “mixed”)
  5. d Participants were able to select all response options that applied to them (i.e., participants were able to select more than one response option)
  6. e Participants were not asked to specify what they meant by “other”