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Table 1 Recruitment sources for HIV-positive and HIV-negative PP1 participants stratified by relationship type (N = 613)

From: A national recruitment strategy for HIV-serodiscordant partners living in Canada for the Positive Plus One study: a mixed-methods study

Recruitment Source All Participants Participants in Current HIV-Serodiscordant Relationships Participants in Past HIV-Serodiscordant Relationships
Total (N = 613) Total (n = 540) HIV-Positive (n = 312) HIV-Negative (n = 228) p-value Total (n = 73) HIV-Positive (n = 43) HIV-Negative (n = 30) p-value
ASO staff member 185 (30.2%) 159 (29.4%) 113 (36.2%) 46 (20.2%) < 0.001 26 (35.6%) 14 (32.6%) 12 (40.0%) 0.561
ASO listserv/newsletter 56 (9.1%) 47 (8.7%) 36 (11.5%) 11 (4.8%) 0.007 9 (12.3%) 5 (11.6%) 4 (13.3%) 0.857
Physician/staff at clinic 96 (15.7%) 87 (16.1%) 62 (19.9%) 25 (11.0%) 0.006 9 (12.3%) 4 (9.3%) 5 (16.7%) 0.366
Poster, pamphlet, card 140 (22.8%) 122 (22.6%) 76 (24.4%) 46 (20.2%) 0.277 18 (24.7%) 8 (18.6%) 10 (33.3%) 0.168
Blog/website 43 (7.0%) 35 (6.5%) 19 (6.1%) 16 (7.0%) 0.643 8 (11.0%) 2 (4.7%) 6 (20.0%) 0.060
Online ad 45 (7.3%) 38 (7.0%) 26 (8.3%) 12 (5.3%) 0.178 7 (9.6%) 5 (11.6%) 2 (6.7%) 0.692
Heard from friend 57 (9.3%) 42 (7.8%) 27 (8.7%) 15 (6.6%) 0.392 15 (20.6%) 8 (18.6%) 7 (23.3%) 0.659
From partner 132 (21.5%) 129 (23.9%) 25 (8.0%) 104 (45.6%) < 0.001 3 (4.1%) 1 (2.3%) 2 (6.7%) 0.567
Through news 16 (2.6%) 15 (2.8%) 7 (2.2%) 8 (3.5%) 0.366 1 (1.4%) 0 1 (3.3%) 0.431
Othera 30 (4.9%) 21 (3.9%) 13 (4.2%) 8 (3.5%) 0.696 9 (12.3%) 3 (7.0%) 6 (20.0%) 0.096
Don’t know 1 (0.2%) 1 (0.2%) 0 1 (0.4%) 0.420 0 0 0
No response 5 (0.8%) 4 (0.7%) 1 (0.3%) 3 (1.3%) 0.315 1 (1.4%) 1 (2.3%) 0 0.411
  1. Abbreviations: PP1 Positive Plus One Study, ASO AIDS Services Organization
  2. Note: Since participants can check more than one response, percentages may add to more than 100%. Additionally, participants who checked the poster, pamphlet, or card option may have gotten these materials from different locations. It was not possible to distinguish between the different locations
  3. a This category includes community health centers, methadone clinics, investigators/conferences, pharmacies, and emails