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Table 2 Characteristics of participants

From: Can chatbots help to motivate smoking cessation? A study on the effectiveness of motivational interviewing on engagement and therapeutic alliance

   MI condition Neutral condition Total sample
Variable a   n (%) or M (SD) n (%) or M (SD) n (%) or M (SD)
Total N   78 100% 75 100% 153 100%
Gender Female 51 65.4% 44 58.7% 95 62.1%
  Male 27 34.6% 31 41.3% 58 37.9%
Year of birth 1996–2003 70 89.7% 64 85.3% 134 87.6%
  1991–1995 5 6.4% 9 12% 14 9.2%
  1981–1990 3 3.9% 1 1.3% 4 2.6%
  Before 1981 0 0 1 1.3% 1 0.6%
Daily cigarette consumption   4.6 4.5 5.7 4.2 5.1 4.4
Years of smoking   3.8 3.2 4.6 3.8 4.2 3.5
  1. Note.a Gender and year of birth were measured in the pre-test questionnaire; daily cigarette consumption and years of smoking were interviewed by the chatbot