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Table 2 Trend of overall TB CNRs among sub-groups in rural Uganda (2015—2019)

From: Trends of notification rates and treatment outcomes of tuberculosis cases with and without HIV co-infection in eight rural districts of Uganda (2015 – 2019)

  Total case notification rate (CNR)
per 100,000 population
p-value*
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019  
Overall 37.7 80.1 93 127.4 141.3 0.028
District
 Kassanda 19.5 40.2 58.1 76.5 88.1 0.028
 Kiboga 66.1 110.9 175.4 235.4 196.3 0.086
 Kyankwanzi 17.5 58.1 92.8 102.1 144.8 0.028
 Luwero 28.4 66.1 82.3 108.6 145.1 0.028
 Mityana 72.3 132.4 124.0 202.8 160.3 0.221
 Mubende 43.5 77.5 81.4 97.4 128.8 0.028
 Nakaseke 27.2 113.2 99.7 130.1 153.6 0.086
 Nakasongola 25.8 54.3 71.9 134.2 147.2 0.028
Sex
 Male 49.7 102.5 119.1 158.3 171.9 0.028
 Female 25.3 56.7 65.7 94.7 109.0 0.028
Tuberculosis (TB) class
 PBC 21.6 50.7 53.3 61.4 72.8 0.024
 PCD 11.8 22.4 35.2 60.8 63.0 0.060
 EPTB 4.4 7.0 4.5 5.2 5.6 1.000
TB treatment category
 New and relapse 35.4 74.1 87.5 122.4 137.2 0.028
 Return after lost-to-follow-up 1.5 3.8 2.8 3.9 3.3 0.462
 Failure 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.7 1.000
 History unknown 0.0 1.3 1.9 0.4 0.2 1.000
Drug resistance
 Susceptible TB 1.0 7.1 8.6 16.1 15.1 0.086
 RR TB 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.221
 MDR TB 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.086
  1. PBC pulmonary bacteriologically confirmed, PCD pulmonary clinically diagnosed, EPTB extrapulmonary TB, RR TB rifampicin resistant TB, MDR TB multidrug resistant TB. *p-value from Mann–Kendall test