Skip to main content

Table 3 Adjusted odds ratio (OR) with 99% confidence interval (CI) for death or welfare dependency 5 years after first visit to a jobs and benefits office due to mental health related sickness absence, in Denmark, 2010–2012

From: Do baseline industry and job group skill level predict welfare dependency at 1, 3 and 5 years after mental health related sickness absence? A Danish cohort study

Predictor variables Persons Deceased or recipient of health related welfare benefits Recipient of non-health related welfare benefits
Cases ORa 99% CI Cases ORa 99% CI
Industrial sectorb
 Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing 206 53 1.24 0.78–1.98 37 1.12 0.67–1.89
 Manufacturing, mining and quarrying 1781 378 0.99 0.83–1.18 256 0.84 0.69–1.03
 Construction 1212 280 1.09 0.89–1.34 199 1.01 0.81–1.27
 Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles 2496 510 0.95 0.81–1.10 392 0.95 0.81–1.12
 Transporting and storage 1100 230 0.99 0.80–1.23 186 1.07 0.85–1.35
 Accommodation and food service 573 111 0.80 0.59–1.09 92 0.84 0.61–1.16
 Public administration 642 140 1.13 0.86–1.49 85 0.97 0.70–1.34
 Courts and prisons; Police; Fire Departments 224 52 1.10 0.70–1.73 36 1.11 0.66–1.85
 Education 1572 312 0.99 0.81–1.21 229 0.99 0.79–1.23
 Human health and social work 5357 1158 1.06 0.94–1.18 821 1.02 0.90–1.16
 Other industries 4396 882 0.94 0.83–1.06 722 1.08 0.95–1.24
Job group skill level
 Workers in elementary occupations 2083 465 1.27 1.02–1.58 354 1.22 0.96–1.55
 Workers in occupations that require skills at a basic level 8842 1891 1.22 1.02–1.46 1454 1.22 1.00–1.49
 Technicians and associate professionals 4554 932 1.14 0.94–1.38 635 1.05 0.85–1.31
 Professionals 2467 441 1.00 333 1.00
 Employees in occupations with missing skill requirements 1714 404 1.27 1.01–1.61 303 1.16 0.90–1.51
Reason for the sickness absence
 Anxiety 667 155 1.59 1.21–2.09 137 1.58 1.18–2.12
 Depression 8140 2011 1.69 1.51–1.90 1595 1.66 1.46–1.89
 Mental ill health NOS 2197 647 2.13 1.81–2.50 451 1.78 1.48–2.14
 Stress/burnout 8656 1320 1.00 896 1.00
Age
 20–29 years 3850 574 0.31 0.25–0.37 720 0.77 0.63–0.95
 30–39 years 7023 1320 0.48 0.41–0.56 1059 0.79 0.65–0.96
 40–49 years 6450 1522 0.68 0.58–0.79 969 0.89 0.73–1.08
 50–54 years 2337 717 1.00 331 1.00
Family type
 Married or cohabitant with resident children 8633 1695 0.82 0.72–0.93 991 0.57 0.50–0.66
 Married or cohabitant without resident children 3175 700 0.90 0.76–1.05 419 0.63 0.53–0.75
 Single with resident children 2653 605 0.99 0.84–1.18 538 1.04 0.87–1.24
 Single without resident children 5199 1133 1.00 1131 1.00
Gender
 Men 5939 1312 0.97 0.87–1.09 1093 1.07 0.95–1.21
 Women 13,721 2821 1.00 1986 1.00
Employment status at baseline
 Unemployed 4515 1254 1.22 1.05–1.42 1243 1.61 1.38–1.88
 Employed 15,145 2879 1.00 1836 1.00
  1. aThe odds ratios of each predictor are mutually adjusted for the other predictors. They are, moreover, adjusted for geographic region, participation in the Danish RTW-program study, Danish citizenship, calendar period and social transfer payments during a two-year period prior to the baseline
  2. b The reference (comparison group) for a given industrial sector consist of all other industrial sectors combined