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Table 2 Adjusted odds ratio (OR) with 99% confidence interval (CI) for death or welfare dependency 3 years after first visit to a jobs and benefits office due to mental health related sickness absence, in Denmark, 2010–2012

From: Do baseline industry and job group skill level predict welfare dependency at 1, 3 and 5 years after mental health related sickness absence? A Danish cohort study

Predictor variables Persons Deceased or recipient of health related welfare benefits Recipient of non-health related welfare benefits
Cases ORa 99% CI Cases ORa 99% CI
Industrial sectorb
 Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing 206 42 0.99 0.60–1.64 38 0.74 0.44–1.23
 Manufacturing, mining and quarrying 1781 305 0.94 0.78–1.13 356 0.90 0.76–1.08
 Construction 1212 219 0.98 0.78–1.22 264 1.00 0.82–1.23
 Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles 2496 439 1.02 0.87–1.19 533 1.03 0.89–1.20
 Transporting and storage 1100 186 0.93 0.74–1.17 239 1.04 0.84–1.28
 Accommodation and food service 573 95 0.93 0.68–1.29 147 1.20 0.91–1.59
 Public administration 642 108 1.02 0.76–1.38 121 1.00 0.75–1.33
 Courts and prisons; Police; Fire Departments 224 49 1.36 0.86–2.17 48 1.18 0.74–1.89
 Education 1572 276 1.07 0.87–1.32 304 0.99 0.80–1.21
 Human health and social work 5357 939 1.01 0.89–1.14 1095 1.01 0.90–1.13
 Other industries 4396 767 0.99 0.87–1.12 891 0.98 0.86–1.10
Job group skill level
 Workers in elementary occupations 2083 395 1.23 0.98–1.55 442 1.05 0.84–1.31
 Workers in occupations that require skills at a basic level 8842 1593 1.20 0.99–1.46 1872 1.08 0.90–1.29
 Technicians and associate professionals 4554 754 1.09 0.89–1.34 897 1.06 0.87–1.28
 Professionals 2467 377 1.00 459 1.00
 Employees in occupations with missing skill requirements 1714 331 1.18 0.92–1.51 398 1.04 0.82–1.32
Reason for the sickness absence
 Anxiety 667 156 1.97 1.49–2.60 173 1.68 1.28–2.20
 Depression 8140 1609 1.54 1.37–1.75 2139 1.69 1.51–1.90
 Mental ill health NOS 2197 563 2.09 1.76–2.48 558 1.66 1.40–1.97
 Stress/burnout 8656 1122 1.00 1198 1.00
Age
 20–29 years 3850 489 0.35 0.29–0.42 958 0.85 0.71–1.03
 30–39 years 7023 1115 0.52 0.44–0.61 1376 0.79 0.66–0.94
 40–49 years 6450 1242 0.68 0.58–0.81 1293 0.90 0.75–1.08
 50–54 years 2337 604 1.00 441 1.00
Family type
 Married or cohabitant with resident children 8633 1366 0.72 0.63–0.83 1372 0.63 0.55–0.72
 Married or cohabitant without resident children 3175 603 0.86 0.73–1.01 577 0.70 0.60–0.82
 Single with resident children 2653 470 0.90 0.75–1.09 732 1.18 1.00–1.39
 Single without resident children 5199 1011 1.00 1387 1.00
Gender
 Men 5939 1151 1.07 0.95–1.20 1406 1.10 0.98–1.23
 Women 13,721 2299 1.00 2662 1.00
Employment status at baseline
 Unemployed 4515 1077 1.39 1.18–1.62 1596 1.57 1.37–1.81
 Employed 15,145 2373 1.00 2472 1.00
  1. aThe odds ratios of each predictor are mutually adjusted for the other predictors. They are, moreover, adjusted for geographic region, participation in the Danish RTW-program study, Danish citizenship, calendar period and social transfer payments during a two-year period prior to the baseline
  2. b The reference (comparison group) for a given industrial sector consist of all other industrial sectors combined