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Table 2 Risk factors for non-communicable diseases at baseline, 12 and 24 weeks of a standard clinic care programme in a low-resourced community

From: The influence of clinic care on perceptions and knowledge of non-communicable diseases and physical activity from a low-resourced community: a mixed-method study

NCD risk factor N Baseline (mean ± SD or median [IQR]* 12 weeks (mean ± SD or median [IQR]* 24 weeks (mean ± SD or median [IQR]a P Effect size (partial n2 or r)b
Weight (kg) 29 79.3 ± 18.2 79.2 ± 18.2 77.9 ± 17.4  < 0.001 0.27
BMI (kg/m2) 29 32.7 ± 8.3 32.7 ± 8.3 32.7 ± 9.3 0.947 0.00
Waist (cm)—Transformed 29 94.6 ± 14.0 87.9 ± 13.0 87.7 ± 15.5 0.003 0.23
W/H 29 0.82[ 0.78 – 0.88] 0.79[ 0.75 m – 0.85] 0.81[0.77 – 0.85]  < 0.001 -0.30
SBP (mmHg) 29 123[116 – 139] 127[118—135] 134[118—156] 0.441 0.03
DBP (mmHg) 29 79 ± 14 77 ± 10 84 ± 12 0.005 0.17
Glucose (mmol/L) 29 4.8[3.9 – 5.7] 4.8[4.1 – 6.4] 5.6[5.0 – 6.8] 0.782 0.01
T-chol (mmol/L) 28 4.45 ± 0.98 4.14 ± 0.87 4.20 ± 0.71 0.040 0.11
PAL 26 1.39[1.320 – 1.520] 1.49[1.270 – 1.990] - 0.053 0.16
Activity (counts/min) 26 19.70[15.30 – 26.60] 18.60 [13.40 – 25.50] - 0.089 -0.14
AEE (kCal) 26 383.00[286.00 – 494.00] 502.00[234.00 – 1247.00] - 0.038 0.17
MVPA (min/day) 26 25.00[11.00 – 42.00] 40.00[14.00 – 158.00] - 0.030 0.18
Actiheart (worn days) 26 6[6 -6] 6[6 -6] - 0.829 -0.02
Heart disease knowledge (score) 29 11 ± 4 15 ± 3 14 ± 3  < 0.001 0.29
Physical activity knowledge (score) 28 9[8-10] 10[9-10] 9[9-9] 0.007 0.24
  1. AEE Activity energy expenditure, BMI Body-mass index, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, MVPA Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, PAL Physical activity level, SBP Systolic blood pressure, T-Chol Total cholesterol, W/H Waits-to-Hip ratio
  2. aMean and standard deviations were used for variables that were normally distributed. The median and interquartile range was used for non-normally distributed variables
  3. bpartial n2 were used for repeated measures ANOVA, effect size r was used for non-parametric data