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Table 4 Multivariable Cox Regression of all-cause mortality in relation to individual metabolic abnormalities used to define metabolic health status

From: Independent and joint effects of body mass index and metabolic health in mid- and late-life on all-cause mortality: a cohort study from the Swedish Twin Registry with a mean follow-up of 13 Years

Age Metabolic Abnormalities HR 95% CI
 <  = 65 years (n = 6252) BMI categories   
Normal weight Ref  
Overweight 0.95 0.80—1.13
Obesity 1.13 0.90—1.42
Hypertension 1.00 0.85—1.19
Hyperglycaemia 1.78 1.43—2.20
Hypertriglyceridemia 1.13 0.94—1.36
Low HDL-C 1.01 0.83—1.22
CVD History 8.94 2.06 – 38.81
CVD*t 0.97 0.95 – 0.99
 > 65 years (n = 6215) BMI categories   
Normal weight Ref  
Overweight 0.93 0.87—1.00
Obesity 1.10 0.99—1.21
Hypertension 0.93 0.85—1.04
Hyperglycaemia 1.52 1.38—1.67
Hypertriglyceridemia 1.09 1.01—1.18
Low HDL-C 1.02 0.94—1.11
CVD History 1.33 1.25—1.43
  1. Hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals of all-cause mortality in relation to BMI category and individual metabolic abnormalities, adjusted for sex, education, and smoking
  2. Abbreviations: HR hazard ratio, CI confidence interval, n sample size, Ref reference group, BMI body mass index, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, CVD cardiovascular disease, CVD*t CVD as a time-varying covariate