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Table 2 Correlations and descriptive statistics of multi-item measures

From: Explaining interpersonal differences in COVID-19 disease prevention behavior based on the health belief model and collective resilience theory: a cross-sectional study from Bolivia

  Correlations
Variables 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
First-order constructs:
 1 Attitude toward social distancing            
 2 Attitude toward lockdown .32           
 3 Trust in public institutions -.03 .07          
 4 Horizontal individualism .05 .09 -.04         
 5 Vertical individualism .03 .02 .15 .15        
 6 Horizontal collectivism .15 .14 -.03 .25 .02       
 7 Emotional burden (worries) .18 .22 .05 .02 .11 .05      
 8 Emotional burden (depression) -.03 .02 .09 -.04 .08 -.13 .36     
 9 Chronic health problems .02 .01 .01 -.09 -.02 -.03 .22 .26    
Second-order constructs:
 10 Disease prevention behavior .30 .26 .05 .12 .09 .19 .13 -.08 -.02   
 11 Attitude toward lockdown enforcement .22 .40 .01 .04 .10 .11 .23 .03 -.02 .25  
Descriptive statistics:
 Mean 9.60 8.93 3.04 8.44 5.84 8.97 6.38 3.88 .00 8.46 8.40
 Standard deviation 1.15 1.83 1.70 1.53 2.56 1.26 2.32 2.29 .79 1.31 1.83
 Composite reliability .88 .70 .90 .75 .86 .80 .78 .89 formative measures (see appendix)
 Cronbach's α .86 .68 .89 .75 .86 .79 .78 .89
 Average variance extracted .70 .54 .59 .60 .68 .67 .54 .55
 Square root (average variance extracted) .84 .73 .77 .78 .82 .82 .74 .74
 Number of scale items 3 2 6 2 3 3 3 7 2 10 9
  1. All correlations |r| ≥ .07 are significant at p < .05 (two-sided). Sample size: 1231. Descriptive statistics for mean score across non-standardized items (except for variable 9: standardized items due to different units per item)