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Table 5 Association of the perceived and enacted factors of the Neilands sexual stigma scale with depressive symptoms (PHQ-9), alcohol use (AUDIT), and other substance use (DAST-10), comparing the final 8-item model and initial 11-item model, n = 860

From: Validity and reliability of the Neilands sexual stigma scale among Kenyan gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men

β (95% CI) PHQ-9 AUDIT DAST-10
Final 8-item model
  Perceived stigma 0.34 (0.24, 0.45) 0.14 (0.03, 0.25) 0.19 (0.07, 0.31)
  Enacted stigma 0.10 (-0.01, 0.20) 0.17 (0.06, 0.27) 0.10 (-0.01, 0.21)
Initial 11-item model
  Perceived stigma 0.35 (0.20, 0.51) 0.09 (-0.07, 0.24) 0.17 (-0.01, 0.34)
  Enacted stigma 0.07 (-0.08, 0.22) 0.21 (0.07, 0.33) 0.11 (-0.05, 0.26)