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Table 1 Demographic, anthropometric, atopic, lifestyle and indoor environment characteristics of the participating adolescents and their parents/guardians, according to adolescents’ asthmatic status (n = 1934)

From: Parental education moderates the association between indoor moisture environment and asthma in adolescents: the Greek Global Asthma Network (GAN) cross-sectional study

  Adolescent’s asthmatic history
(Ever had asthma)
p> Adolescent’s wheezing or whilst in the past 12 months
(Current asthma)
p
  Yes No   Yes No  
N    -    
Boys (n, %) 96 (10.4) 825 (89.6) 0.024 59 (49.2) 862 (47.5) 0.726
Adolescents’ age (years), mean (SD)*** 12.8 (0.6) 12.7 (0.6) 0.345 12.7 (0.5) 12.8 (0.7) 0.785
Adolescents’ BMI (kg/m2), mean (SD)*** 22.3 (4.4) 20.9 (3.4)  < 0.001 21.8 (4.4) 22.4 (4.0) 0.183
Ever had allergic rhinitis (children) (Yes, n, %) 95 (55.2) 472 (26.8)  < 0.001 59 (49.2) 508 (28.0)  < 0.001
Ever had eczema (children) (Yes, n, %) 40 (23.3) 196 (11.1)  < 0.001 24 (20.0) 212 (11.7) 0.007
Pet ownership (Yes, n, %) 120 (8.8) 1250 (91.2) 0.833 64 (53.3) 1040 (57.4) 0.388
Having an older sibling (Yes, n, %) 75 (9.0) 754 (91.0) 0.842 56 (46.7) 773 (42.6) 0.389
Parental age (years), mean (SD) 46.3 (5.1) 46.4 (5.3) 0.0871 46.6 (6.3) 46.5 (5.2) 0.494
Parental atopic history (Yes, n, %) 46 (12.2) 331 (87.8) 0.012 57 (47.5) 1023 (56.3) 0.061
Parental ever smoking (Yes, n, %) 108 (10.0) 972 (90.0) 0.057 42 (35.0) 812 (44.7) 0.038
Parental educational level (Yes, n, %)       
Primary / secondary* 602 (92.3) 50 (7.7) 0.174 45 (37.5) 609 (33.5) 0.374
Tertiary** 1160(90.5) 122 (9.5)   75 (62.5) 1207 (66.5)  
Cooking with fuels (Yes, n, %) 95 (10.1) 842 (89.9) 0.069 62 (51.7) 773 (42.6) 0.289
Current exposure to dampness and/or mould (Yes, n, %) 58 (12.6) 402 (87.4) 0.001 80 (66.7) 1397 (76.9) 0.011
Exposure to dampness and/or mould during pregnancy (Yes, n, %) 11 (7.9) 128 (92.1) 0.672 10 (8.3) 129 (7.1) 0.612
Exposure to dampness and/or mould during the 1st year (Yes, n, %) 26 (11.4) 203 (88.6) 0.164 20 (16.7) 210 (11.6) 0.094
  1. * up to 9 years of education ** university/college/post-graduate studies *** SD: standard deviation