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Table 4 Distribution of stigmatization attitudes by independent variables and bivariate analysis of factors association with stigmatization attitudes among females aged 15–24 years in Indonesia (n = 12,691)

From: HIV-related knowledge, information, and their contribution to stigmatization attitudes among females aged 15–24 years: regional disparities in Indonesia

Variables Stigmatization Attitudes X2 OR (95% CI) p
No Yes
n (weighted %) n (weighted %)
Regional (Island)
  Sumatera & Riau 1,384 (42.5) 1,884 (57.5)  < 0.001 Ref  
  Java 1,934 (45.3) 2,340 (54.7)   0.89 (0.79–0.99) 0.044
  Bali & Nusa Tenggara 499 (45.48) 565 (54.52)   0.88 (0.75–1.01) 0.133
  Kalimantan 529 (50.7) 514 (49.3)   0.71 (0.58–0.87) 0.001
  Sulawesi 1,125 (57.4) 842 (42.6)   0.54 (0.47–0.63)  < 0.001
  Maluku & Papua 534 (52.52) 541 (47.48)   0.66 (0.54–0.82)  < 0.001
Age
  15 – 19 years 3,254 (46.7) 3,495 (53.3) 0.031 Ref  
  20 – 24 years 2,752 (45.34) 3,191 (54.66)   1.05 (0.96–1.15) 0.223
Education Level
  High 1,428 (44.73) 1,673 (55.27) 0.132 Ref  
  Secondary 4,318 (46.09) 4,761 (53.91)   0.94 (0.85–1.05) 0.305
  Primary 250 (50.73) 247 (49.27)   0.78 (0.62–0.98) 0.038
  No 9 (78.94) 5 (21.06)   0.21 (0.05–0.78) 0.02
Marital Status
  Unmarried 4,590 (45.93) 5,110 (54.07) 0.992 Ref  
  Married 1,415 (46.4) 1,576 (53.6)   0.98 (0.88–1.08) 0.709
Wealth Quintiles
  Poorest 1,212 (52.76) 1,070 (47.24)  < 0.001 Ref  
  Poorer 1,208 (46.98) 1,296 (53.02)   1.26 (1.08–1.46) 0.003
  Middle 1,188 (46.02) 1,347 (53.98)   1.31 (1.12–1.52) 0.001
  Richer 1,153 (42.48) 1,462 (57.52)   1.51 (1.29–1.75)  < 0.001
  Richest 1,244 (44.86) 1,511 (55.14)   1.37 (1.17–1.59)  < 0.001
Residence
  Urban 3,348 (43.81) 4,101 (56.19)  < 0.001 Ref  
  Rural 2,657 (48.94) 2,585 (51.06)   0.81 (0.73–0.89)  < 0.001
Currently Working
  No 3,989 (46.71) 4,338 (53.29) 0.067 Ref  
  Yes 2,016 (44.86) 2,348 (55.14)   1.07 (0.98–1.18) 0.11
HIV-related knowledge
  No Knowledge 3,887 (46.89) 4,263 (53.11) 0.001 Ref  
  Some Knowledge 2,037 (44.36) 2,373 (55.64)   1.10 (1.00–1.21) 0.037
  More Knowledge 81 (56.42) 50 (43.58)   0.68 (0.43–1.05) 0.087
Source of Information
  No Information 2,783 (48.6) 2,790 (51.4)  < 0.001 Ref  
  Some Information 2,935 (44.03) 3,559 (55.97)   1.20 (1.09–1.32)  < 0.001
  More Information 287 (45.49) 337 (54.51)   1.13 (0.92–1.38) 0.218
  1. X2: Chi-Square,CI: Confidence Interval,OR: Odds Ratio