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Table 1 Baseline demographic characteristics and health factors of participants who initiated ART by coinfection status in four hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (September 2011 to December 2018), n = 646

From: Retention on antiretroviral therapy in person with HIV and viral hepatitis coinfection in Ethiopia: a retrospective cohort study

Characteristics n (%) of participants
HIV Monoinfection
(n = 514)
HIV Coinfection
(n = 132)
Sex (n = 645) a
  Female 288(56.14) 52 (39.39)
  Male 225(43.86) 80 (60.61)
Age (years), (n = 646)
Median (IQR)a 36(30–43) 39(34–45)
  15–29 116(22.57) 15(11.36)
  30–44 284(55.25) 82(62.52)
  > =45 114(22.18) 35(26.52)
Marital status, (n = 623)
  Never married 108(21.69) 19(15.20)
  Married 249(50.00) 74(59.20)
  Divorced/separated 92(18.47) 19(15.20)
  Widow/er 49(9.84) 13(10.40)
Education (n = 623)
  No education 68(13.74) 22(17.32)
  Primary 168(33.94) 35(27.56)
  Secondary 166(33.54) 49(38.58)
  Tertiary 93(18.78) 21(16.54)
Median follow-up-time (in years) 3.25(1.8–5.3) 3.23(1.6–6.0)
ART regimen at start of ART (n = 634)
  Tenofovir based 465(92.08) 117(90.70)
  Non-Tenofovir based 40(7.92) 12 (9.30)
  1. HIV-Monoinfection: negative for both hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C viruses
  2. HIV-Coinfection: hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus positive
  3. IQR interquartile range; WHO World Health Organization, ALT alanine transaminase, AST aspartate aminotransferase
  4. aIndicates significant difference between the HIV-coinfected and HIV-monoinfected groups with a p-value < 0.05