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Table 5 The association between specific health conditions and finding stable and unstable employment among unemployed Finnish men (n = 394,999) and women (n = 419,086) aged 30–60 in 2009–2018a

From: Health-related selection into employment among the unemployed

  Stable Unstable
HR 95% CI HR 95% CI
Men
 Cancer 0.88*** (0.84,0.93) 0.91** (0.86,0.96)
 Diabetes 0.82*** (0.80,0.84) 0.88*** (0.85,0.91)
 Heart disease 0.85*** (0.82,0.88) 0.88*** (0.86,0.91)
 Neurological conditions 0.82*** (0.80,0.84) 0.82*** (0.79,0.86)
 Depression 0.65*** (0.62,0.67) 0.77*** (0.75,0.80)
 Anxiety disorders 0.65*** (0.61 0.68) 0.86*** (0.81,0.90)
 Substance use disorders 0.39*** (0.37,0.40) 0.64*** (0.62,0.66)
Women
 Cancer 0.85*** (0.82,0.88) 0.90*** (0.87,0.94)
 Diabetes 0.78*** (0.76,0.81) 0.88*** (0.86,0.91)
 Heart disease 0.84*** (0.81,0.87) 0.90*** (0.86,0.93)
 Neurological conditions 0.81*** (0.79,0.82) 0.86*** (0.84,0.88)
 Depression 0.63*** (0.61,0.64) 0.78*** (0.76,0.80)
 Anxiety disorders 0.71*** (0.68,0.74) 0.87*** (0.83,0.90)
 Substance use disorders 0.37*** (0.34,0.39) 0.60*** (0.57,0.63)
  1. Abbreviations: HR hazard ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. a P-values ** < .01, *** < .001 Model adjusted for age, onset year of unemployment, native language, marital status, education, occupational status, number of individuals living in the same household, home ownership, region of residence, unemployment history, number of unemployment spells, binary measure for any remaining comorbidity, and for women, births over the two preceding years. All specific health conditions (cancer, diabetes, heart disease, neurological conditions, depression, anxiety disorders, substance use disorders) modelled simultaneously. Stable employment was defined as still being employed at the end of the calendar year following the initial date of employment, and unstable employment as no longer being employed. For the definitions of the specific health conditions, please see Measurements and Additional file 2