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Table 2 Univariable analysis of loss to follow-up among TB patients who smoke and are registered in Selangor

From: Characteristics and determinants of loss to follow-up among tuberculosis (TB) patients who smoke in an industrial state of Malaysia: a registry-based study of the years 2013-2017

Variables Crude OR 95% CI P-Value*
    Lower Upper  
Sociodemographic profile
Age < 32 1.32 1.04 1.67 0.025
32-41 1.82 1.44 2.29 < 0.001
42-53 1.42 1.15 1.82 0.002
> 53 1    
Sex Male 1.21 0.81 1.80 0.335
Female 1    
Nationality Malaysian 1.66 1.24 2.20 < 0.001
Non-Malaysian 1    
Locality Urban 1.25 1.01 1.54 0.042
Rural 1    
Ethnicity Malay 1    
Chinese 0.48 0.37 0.63 < 0.001
Indian 1.34 1.08 1.65 0.007
Others 1.14 0.78 1.65 0.503
Non-Malaysian 0.57 0.43 0.76 < 0.001
Education Level No formal education 1.92 1.41 2.28 < 0.001
Primary school 1.51 1.07 2.15 0.020
Secondary school 1.79 1.41 2.28 < 0.001
Higher education 1    
Income level ≤2160 2.27 1.70 3.04 < 0.001
> 2160 1    
Employment status Employed 1.38 1.18 1.61 < 0.001
Un-employed 1    
Disease profile      
TB anatomical location Extrapulmonary 1    
Pulmonary 1.13 0.88 1.44 0.346
TB case categories New case 1    
Previously treated cases 2.73 2.18 3.43 < 0.001
TB case detection Passive 1    
Active 2.27 1.63 3.19 < 0.001
BCG status Yes 1    
No 0.68 0.53 0.87 0.003
X-ray status     
  No lesions 1    
  Minimal lesions 1.06 0.79 1.42 0.685
  Moderate lesions 1.44 1.06 1.94 0.019
  Severe lesions 1.27 0.72 2.24 0.406
Sputum status Negative    
Positive 1.28 1.08 1.52 0.004
Comorbidity      
HIV status No 1    
Yes 1.78 1.38 2.31 < 0.001
DM status No 1    
Yes 0.82 0.68 0.99 0.048
  1. Test used: Simple Logistic Regression Analysis
  2. *Significant at 0.05