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Table 1 Characteristics of TB patients and TB-DM patients in East and South Jakarta

From: The co-management of tuberculosis-diabetes co-morbidities in Indonesia under the National Tuberculosis Control Program: results from a cross-sectional study from 2017 to 2019

 

TB patients without DM diagnosis

TB-DM patients

P-value

 

N

%

N

%

 

Total

23,652

/

2796

/

NA

Region

 East Jakarta

15,332

64.8

1826

65.3

0.615

 South Jakarta

8320

35.2

970

34.7

 

Year

 2017* (Q4)

1746

7.4

133

4.8

<  0.001

 2018

10,298

43.5

1143

40.9

 

 2019

11,688

49.1

1520

54.4

 

Gender

 female

10,022

42.2

1147

41.0

0.175

 male

13,630

57.8

1649

59.0

 

Age

 15–44

14,380

60.8

589

21.1

<  0.001

 > =45

9272

39.2

2207

78.9

 

Patients’ origin (by ID card)

 in this region

19,648

83.1

2445

87.4

<  0.001

 outside this region

4004

16.9

351

12.6

 

TB treatment status

 received standard treatment

20,264

85.7

2613

93.5

<  0.001

 non-standard

3388

14.3

183

6.5

 

Diagnosis Type

 bacteriologically confirmed

13,176

55.7

2104

75.3

<  0.001

 clinically diagnosed

10,476

44.3

692

24.7

 

TB test taken

 Acid-Fast Bacillus (AFB) smear test

12,847

48.6

1440

51.5

 

 rapid molecular test

10,406

39.3

1593

56.9

<  0.001

 culture test

453

1.7

73

2.7

 

 no test records

2756

10.4

135

4.8

 

Treatment outcome

 complete treatment

11,489

48.6

968

34.6

<  0.001

 cured

7931

33.5

1286

46.0

 

 default

1968

8.3

218

7.8

 

 transfer

973

4.1

129

4.6

 

 dead

470

2.0

75

2.7

 

 relapse

239

1.0

70

2.5

 

 not available data

582

2.5

50

1.8

 

Type of facility where patients were reported

 health center at sub-district level

3385

14.3

560

20.0

<  0.001

 health center at sub-sub district level

6585

27.8

926

33.1

 

 government hospital

8818

37.1

994

35.6

 

 private hospital

4864

20.6

316

11.3

 

Receive DM Treatment

 metformin and others

/

 

2202

78.8

NA

 insulin injection

/

 

172

6.2

 

 no DM treatment

/

 

422

15.1