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Table 3 Multivariable logistic regression estimates for perceived age discrimination by background characteristics among older adults, LASI, 2017–18 (N = 31,464)

From: Prevalence and correlates of perceived age-related discrimination among older adults in India

Covariates AOR (95% CI)
Age
 60–69®  
 70–79 1.01 (0.86—1.16)
 80 and above 1.02 (0.83—1.26)
Gender
 Male®  
 Female 1.12 (0.95—1.32)
Marital Status
 Currently in marital union®  
 Widowed 1.03 (0.5—2.13)
 Currently not in marital union 1.13 (0.5—2.55)
Years of schooling
 No®  
 1–5 years 0.97 (0.82—1.14)
 5–10 years 0.78**(0.64—0.95)
 More than 10 years 0.68***(0.51—0.89)
Living arrangement
 Living with spouse and children®  
 Living with children and others 1.12 (0.54—2.32)
 Living with spouse 1.11 (0.94—1.31)
 Living alone 1.69 (0.81—3.55)
Social participation
 No®  
 Yes 1.02 (0.79—1.32)
Work status
 Never worked®  
 Earlier worked 1.73***(1.46—2.05)
 Currently working 1.61***(1.31—1.96)
Self rated health
 Good®  
 Poor 0.94 (0.82—1.07)
Difficulties in ADL
 No®  
 Yes 1.02 (0.87—1.18)
Difficulties in IADL
 No®  
 Yes 1.43***(1.25—1.65)
Chronic Condition
 No®  
 One 1.16**(1.02—1.34)
 Two and more 1.17*(0.99—1.39)
Residence
 Urban®  
 Rural 1.17**(1.01—1.35)
MPCE quintile
 Poorest®  
 Poor 0.84**(0.7—0.99)
 Middle 0.76***(0.64—0.9)
 Rich 0.82*(0.68—1.01)
 Richest 0.8**(0.66—0.97)
Caste
 General®  
 OBC 1.03 (0.89—1.21)
 SC/ST 1.02 (0.84—1.23)
Religion
 Hindu®  
 Muslim 0.89 (0.69—1.15)
 Others 0.56***(0.43—0.72)
Region
 Northern Region®  
 North-Eastern Region 0.77**(0.59—0.99)
 Eastern Region 0.75***(0.62—0.91)
 Central Region 1.72***(1.43—2.07)
 Southern Region 0.88 (0.73—1.05)
  1. ADL Activities of daily living, IADL Instrumental activities of daily living, OBC Other backward class, SC/ST Scheduled caste/ Scheduled tribe, MPCE Monthly per capita consumption expenditure
  2. *p < 0.1, **p < .05, ***p < .01; ®- Reference category
  3. AOR Odds Ratio adjusted for all the covariates in the study