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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the full age-1 analytic sample (N = 930)

From: Unconditional cash transfers and maternal substance use: findings from a randomized control trial of low-income mothers with infants in the U.S.

  Low-Cash Gift High-Cash Gift Std Mean Difference
  Mean (sd) N Mean (sd) N Hedges’ g Cox’s Index
CHILD
 Female 0.505 548 0.479 382   -0.063
 Weight at birth(lbs) 7.136 (1.080) 547 7.107 (1.019) 381 -0.027  
 Gestational age(weeks) 39.091 (1.234) 544 39.033 (1.253) 382 -0.047  
MOTHER
 Age at birth (years) 26.936 (5.838) 548 27.406 (5.761) 382 0.081  
 Education(years) 11.86 (2.832) 541 11.921 (2.971) 380 0.021  
 Race/Ethnicity
  White, non-Hispanic 0.106 548 0.081 382   -0.180
  Black, non-Hispanic 0.387 548 0.442 382   0.137
  multiple, non-Hispanic 0.042 548 0.031 382   -0.191
  Other or unknown 0.044 548 0.024 382   -0.380
  Hispanic 0.422 548 0.421 382   -0.002
 Marital status
  Never married 0.418 548 0.497 382   0.193
  single, living with partner 0.270 548 0.215 382   -0.182
  married 0.215 548 0.212 382   -0.011
  divorced/separated 0.046 548 0.029 382   -0.290
  Other or unknown 0.051 548 0.047 382   -0.052
 Health is good or better 0.880 548 0.924 382   0.306
 Depression (CESD) 0.678 (0.443) 548 0.675 (0.448) 382 -0.007  
 Cigarettes per week during pregnancy 4.676 (20.316) 544 3.118 (11.114) 379 -0.091  
 Alcohol drinks per week during pregnancy 0.152 (1.662) 546 0.026 (0.390) 381 -0.096  
 Number of children born to mother 2.420 (1.372) 548 2.529 (1.417) 382 0.078  
 Number of adults in household 2.084 (0.984) 548 2.024 (0.968) 382 -0.062  
 Biological father lives in household 0.411 548 0.351 382   -0.154
 Household combined income 22313.093 (21282.425) 514 20979.771 (16030.742) 355 -0.069  
 Household income unknown 0.062 548 0.071 382   0.088
 Household net worth -2187.560 (29365.991) 489 -3267.965 (20722.262) 342 -0.041  
 Household net worth unknown 0.108 548 0.105 382   -0.019