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Table 4 Odds ratios for prevalence of diabetes mellitus according to combined cardiorespiratory fitness and relative leg extension power

From: The combination of cardiorespiratory fitness and muscular fitness, and prevalence of diabetes mellitus in middle-aged and older men: WASEDA’S Health Study

  n Cases Cases per 1000 Unadjusted OR
(95% CI)
Age-adjusted OR
(95% CI)
Multivariable-adjusted ORa
(95% CI)
Low CRF & Low rLEP 269 38 141 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Low CRF & High rLEP 129 5 39 0.25
(0.09 − 0.64)
0.33
(0.12 − 0.88)
0.32
(0.12 − 0.88)
High CRF & Low rLEP 129 7 54 0.35
(0.15 − 0.80)
0.49
(0.21 − 1.18)
0.46
(0.18 − 1.16)
High CRF & High rLEP 269 5 19 0.12
(0.05 − 0.30)
0.22
(0.08 − 0.61)
0.21
(0.07 − 0.63)
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, CRF cardiorespiratory fitness, rLEP relative leg extension power
  2. aAdjusted for age (continuous variable), body mass index (continuous variable), exercise habit (yes, no), family history of diabetes (yes, no), smoking habits (never smoker, former smoker, or current smoker), drinking habits (non-drinker, ≤ 1 day/week, 2 − 3 days/week, ≥ 4 days/week)