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Table 3 Odds ratios for prevalence of diabetes mellitus according to cardiorespiratory fitness and relative leg extension power

From: The combination of cardiorespiratory fitness and muscular fitness, and prevalence of diabetes mellitus in middle-aged and older men: WASEDA’S Health Study

  n Cases Cases per 1000 Unadjusted OR
(95% CI)
Age-adjusted OR
(95% CI)
Multivariable-adjusted ORa
(95% CI)
Cardiorespiratory fitness
 Low cardiorespiratory fitness 398 43 108 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
 High cardiorespiratory fitness 398 12 30 0.26
(0.13 − 0.50)
0.45
(0.22 − 0.92)
0.46
(0.21 − 0.98)
Relative leg extension power
 Low relative leg extension power 398 45 113 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
 High relative leg extension power 398 10 25 0.20
(0.10 − 0.41)
0.33
(0.16 − –0.69)
0.34
(0.16 − 0.74)
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. aAdjusted for age (continuous variable), body mass index (continuous variable), exercise habit (yes, no), family history of diabetes (yes, no), smoking habits (never smoker, former smoker, or current smoker), drinking habits (non-drinker, ≤ 1 day/week, 2 − 3 days/week, ≥ 4 days/week)