Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of study participants according to diabetes status

From: The combination of cardiorespiratory fitness and muscular fitness, and prevalence of diabetes mellitus in middle-aged and older men: WASEDA’S Health Study

  Total
(n = 796)
Diabetes
(n = 55)
No diabetes
(n = 741)
Age (years) 56.5 ± 10.4 64.0 ± 9.1 55.9 ± 10.2
Height (cm) 170.3 ± 5.8 169.3 ± 5.0 170.4 ± 5.8
Weight (kg) 68.7 ± 9.7 69.7 ± 10.8 68.6 ± 9.7
Waist circumference (cm) 84.5 ± 8.6 87.7 ± 9.0 84.3 ± 8.5
Calf circumference (cm) 37.5 ± 2.6 37.3 ± 3.2 37.5 ± 2.5
Body mass index (kg/m2) 23.7 ± 3.0 24.3 ± 3.4 23.6 ± 3.0
Percent body fat (%) 20.5 ± 5.8 23.2 ± 5.3 20.3 ± 5.8
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 132.0 ± 18.8 139.3 ± 20.9 131.4 ± 18.5
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 83.5 ± 11.6 84.1 ± 13.3 83.4 ± 11.4
Grip strength (kg) 36.8 ± 5.7 34.4 ± 6.2 37.0 ± 5.6
Relative grip strength, (kg/kg) 0.54 ± 0.09 0.50 ± 0.08 0.55 ± 0.09
Leg extension power (W) 1278 ± 368 1088 ± 348 1292 ± 366
Relative leg extension power (W/kg) 18.6 ± 4.8 15.5 ± 3.9 18.9 ± 4.8
Peak oxygen uptake (mL/kg/min) 30.3 ± 6.4 26.1 ± 4.6 30.6 ± 6.4
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 209.9 ± 34.1 202.4 ± 33.6 210.4 ± 34.1
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 61.9 ± 16.0 57.7 ± 18.2 62.2 ± 15.8
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 122.9 ± 29.8 118.2 ± 29.8 123.2 ± 29.8
Triglycerides (mg/dL)a 87.0 (62.0 − 127.0) 95.0 (68.0 − 151.0) 87.0 (61.0 − 126.5)
Fasting glucose (mg/dL) 98.2 ± 14.5 133.4 ± 25.9 95.6 ± 8.8
HbA1c (%) 5.5 ± 0.5 6.7 ± 0.7 5.4 ± 0.3
Exercise habit (%) 541 (68.0) 42 (76.4) 499 (67.3)
Hypertension (%) 188 (23.6) 20 (36.4) 168 (22.7)
Dyslipidemia (%) 205 (25.8) 24 (43.6) 181 (24.4)
Family history of diabetes (%) 182 (22.9) 20 (36.4) 162 (21.9)
Family history of hypertension (%) 350 (44.0) 26 (47.3) 324 (43.7)
Family history of dyslipidemia, (%) 82 (10.3) 6 (10.9) 76 (10.3)
Current smokers (%) 63 (7.9) 7 (12.7) 56 (7.6)
Non-drinkers (%) 103 (12.9) 10 (18.2) 93 (12.6)
  1. Data are express as means ± standard deviation or percentages of participants
  2. aMedian (Interquartile range)