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Table 2 Factors associated with the willingness and uptake of COVID-19 testing

From: Willingness and uptake of the COVID-19 testing and vaccination in urban China during the low-risk period: a cross-sectional study

  Uptake of COVID-19 testing (aOR) 95%CI Willingness of COVID-19 testing (aOR) 95%CI
City (ref: Nanjing)
 Chizhou 0.765* (0.619—0.946) 2.097** (1.248—3.524)
Gender (ref: male)
 Female 1.116 (0.912—1.367) 1.436 (0.913—2.259)
Age (ref: 18–25 years)
 26–35 0.703 (0.487—1.013) 0.707 (0.305—1.641)
 36–45 0.725 (0.478—1.098) 0.750 (0.272—2.066)
 >  = 46 0.832 (0.537—1.290) 0.429 (0.155—1.189)
Residency (ref: local residents)
 Migrants 1.179 (0.893—1.555) 0.606 (0.348—1.055)
Marital status (ref: single)
 Married 0.912 (0.652—1.275) 1.229 (0.609—2.479)
 Divorced/widow 0.783 (0.396—1.547) 1.511 (0.305—7.494)
Educational attainment (ref: middle school or lower)
 High school or technical secondary school 0.862 (0.630—1.179) 0.552 (0.263—1.161)
 Junior college 1.022 (0.747—1.398) 0.717 (0.326—1.576)
 Bachelor's degree or higher 1.252 (0.893—1.756) 0.686 (0.302—1.558)
Occupation (ref: government agency)
 Service industry 0.307** (0.239—0.395) 0.403** (0.212—0.767)
 Manufacturing industry or agriculture 0.190** (0.138—0.261) 0.570 (0.253—1.284)
 Others 0.216** (0.164—0.283) 0.316** (0.162—0.617)
Annual individual income (ref: < 20 k)
 20-50 k 1.207 (0.854—1.706) 1.295 (0.591—2.837)
 50-100 k 1.021 (0.739—1.410) 1.294 (0.640—2.617)
 100-200 k 0.895 (0.632—1.267) 1.230 (0.580—2.609)
 > 200 k 0.804 (0.539—1.199) 1.196 (0.500—2.860)
Self-reported health status (ref: good)
 Poor 1.087 (0.795—1.486) 0.833 (0.436—1.594)
Awareness of COVID-19 (ref: low)
 High 1.286 (0.910—1.817) 4.318** (2.550—7.314)
Perceived susceptibility of COVID-19 (ref: low)
 High 2.719** (1.739—4.251) 2.261 (0.673—7.597)
Perceived severity of COVID-19 (ref: mild)
 Severe or moderate 1.006 (0.792—1.278) 0.829 (0.486—1.417)
  1. *p < 0.05. **p < 0.01
  2. aOR adjusted odds ratio